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Titre du document / Document title

Attractiveness of facial averageness and symmetry in non-Western cultures : In search of biologically based standards of beauty

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

RHODES Gillian (1 2) ; YOSHIKAWA Sakiko (2 3) ; CLARK Alison (1) ; LEE Kieran (1) ; MCKAY Ryan (1) ; AKAMATSU Shigeru (2) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Department of Psychology, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Perth, WA 6907, AUSTRALIE
(2) ATR Human Information Processing Research Laboratories, 2-2 Hikari-dai, Soraku-gun, Kyoto 619-02, JAPON
(3) Department of Cognitive Psychology in Education, Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8501, JAPON

Résumé / Abstract

Averageness and symmetry are attractive in Western faces and are good candidates for biologically based standards of beauty. A hallmark of such standards is that they are shared across cultures. We examined whether facial averageness and symmetry are attractive in non-Western cultures. Increasing the averageness of individual faces, by warping those faces towards an averaged composite of the same race and sex, increased the attractiveness of both Chinese (experiment 1) and Japanese (experiment 2) faces, for Chinese and Japanese participants, respectively. Decreasing averageness by moving the faces away from an average shape decreased attractiveness. We also manipulated the symmetry of Japanese faces by blending each original face with its mirror image to create perfectly symmetric versions. Japanese raters preferred the perfectly symmetric versions to the original faces (experiment 2). These findings show that preferences for facial averageness and symmetry are not restricted to Western cultures, consistent with the view that they are biologically based. Interestingly, it made little difference whether averageness was manipulated by using own-race or other-race averaged composites and there was no preference for own-race averaged composites over other-race or mixed-race composites (experiment 1). We discuss the implications of these results for understanding what makes average faces attractive. We also discuss some limitations of our studies, and consider other lines of converging evidence that may help determine whether preferences for average and symmetric faces are biologically based.

Revue / Journal Title

Perception    ISSN  0301-0066   CODEN PCTNBA 

Source / Source

2001, vol. 30, no5, pp. 611-625 (1 p.3/4)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Pion, London, ROYAUME-UNI  (1972) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Physical attraction

;

Face

;

Vision

;

Stimulus symmetry

;

Crosscultural study

;

Esthetic preference

;

Chinese

;

Japanese

;

Social environment

;

Cultural environment

;

Human

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Attirance physique

;

Face

;

Vision

;

Symétrie stimulus

;

Etude transculturelle

;

Préférence esthétique

;

Chinois

;

Japonais

;

Environnement social

;

Milieu culturel

;

Homme

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Atracción física

;

Cara

;

Visión

;

Simetría estímulo

;

Estudio transcultural

;

Preferencia estética

;

Chino

;

Japonés

;

Medio ambiente social

;

Medio cultural

;

Hombre

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 17825, 35400009551111.0070

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 982742



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