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Titre du document / Document title

Thrombus formation on atherosclerotic plaques : Pathogenesis and clinical consequences

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

RAUCH Ursula (1) ; OSENDE Julio I. (1) ; FUSTER Valentin (1) ; BADIMON Juan J. (1) ; FAYAD Zahi (1) ; CHESEBRO James H. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Zena and Michael A. Wiener Cardiovascular Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Purpose: To describe the characteristics of thrombus formation on atherosclerotic plaques, the clinical expression of atherothrombosis in vascular disease, and some of the most recent therapeutic approaches in cardiovascular disease. Data Sources: MEDLINE search for English-language articles on thrombosis and atherosclerosis published up to January 2000. Abstracts of recent international meetings on new aspects of thrombus formation and new therapeutic options were reviewed, and references from identified articles were selected and reviewed. Study Selection: Experimental, basic, clinical, and epidemiologic studies related to the pathophysiology of thrombosis on atherosclerotic lesions. Therapeutic approaches were obtained from experimental studies and large clinical investigations. Data Extraction: Arterial vessel wall substrate, rheologic conditions, and blood thrombogenicity influence the process of thrombus formation in arteries. Thrombus formation on disrupted atherosclerotic plaques or arterial erosions frequently causes acute coronary syndromes. Severe atherosclerosis of the aorta has been identified as an important morphologic indicator of an increased risk for thromboembolism. Current antithrombotic therapies available as long-term treatment for patients with cardiovascular disease are often not effective enough to prevent acute thrombotic events and deterioration of atherosclerosis. Data Synthesis: Improved understanding of the pathophysiology of thrombus formation on atherosclerotic plaques has led to the development of new therapeutic approaches. Glycoprotein llb/ IIIa, tissue factor, factor Xa, and thrombin inhibitors as well as combined antithrombotic therapy, such as aspirin plus a thienopyridine plus warfarin, are being evaluated as new possible options for the treatment of arterial thrombosis. Conclusions: Long-term treatment with potent antithrombotic drugs, such as tissue factor or factor Xa inhibitors, that effectively block thrombosis without causing bleeding complications could help reduce death from cardiovascular disease.

Revue / Journal Title

Annals of internal medicine    ISSN  0003-4819   CODEN AIMEAS 

Source / Source

2001, vol. 134, no3, pp. 224-238 (173 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

American College of Physicians, Philadelphia, PA, ETATS-UNIS  (1927) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Atherosclerotic plaque

;

Formation

;

Thrombus

;

Etiopathogenesis

;

Pathophysiology

;

Review

;

Thrombosis

;

Artery

;

Epidemiology

;

Thrombin(drug)

;

Glycoprotein

;

Coagulation Factor Xa

;

Coagulopathy

;

Tissue factor

;

Platelet

;

Treatment

;

Anticoagulant

;

Human

;

Rheology

;

Diagnosis

;

Indication

;

Application method

;

Serine endopeptidases

;

Peptidases

;

Hydrolases

;

Enzyme

;

Cardiovascular disease

;

Vascular disease

;

Atherosclerosis

;

Arterial disease

;

Hemopathy

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Plaque athérosclérose

;

Formation

;

Thrombus

;

Etiopathogénie

;

Physiopathologie

;

Article synthèse

;

Thrombose

;

Artère

;

Epidémiologie

;

Thrombine

;

Glycoprotéine

;

Coagulation Factor Xa

;

Coagulopathie

;

Facteur tissulaire

;

Thrombocyte

;

Traitement

;

Anticoagulant

;

Homme

;

Rhéologie

;

Diagnostic

;

Indication

;

Modalité traitement

;

Serine endopeptidases

;

Peptidases

;

Hydrolases

;

Enzyme

;

Appareil circulatoire pathologie

;

Vaisseau sanguin pathologie

;

Athérosclérose

;

Artère pathologie

;

Hémopathie

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Placa aterosclerosis

;

Formación

;

Trombo

;

Etiopatogenia

;

Fisiopatología

;

Artículo síntesis

;

Trombosis

;

Arteria

;

Epidemiología

;

Trombina

;

Glicoproteína

;

Coagulation Factor Xa

;

Coagulopatía

;

Factor tisular

;

Trombocito

;

Tratamiento

;

Anticoagulante

;

Hombre

;

Reología

;

Diagnóstico

;

Indicación

;

Modalidad tratamiento

;

Serine endopeptidases

;

Peptidases

;

Hydrolases

;

Enzima

;

Aparato circulatorio patología

;

Vaso sanguíneo patología

;

Ateroesclerosis

;

Arteria patología

;

Hemopatía

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 2014, 35400009794703.0070

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 893866



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