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Titre du document / Document title

Arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization of halophytes in Central European salt marshes

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

HILDEBRANDT Ulrich (1) ; JANETTA Katharina (1) ; OUZIAD Fouad (1) ; RENNE Bettina (1) ; NAWRATH Kerstin (1) ; BOTHE Hermann (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Botanisches Institut, Universität zu Köln, Gyrhofstrasse 15, 50923 Köln, ALLEMAGNE

Résumé / Abstract

Halophytes from both coastal and inland Central European salt marshes were examined for colonization by arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi. Plants from different families were strongly colonized but the degree of colonization varied with the individual plant and apparently during the vegetation period, too. Members of the typical non-mycorrhizal families like Armeria maritima of the Plumbaginaceae and Salicornia europaea of the Chenopodiaceae were found to be colonized, particularly in the drier salt marshes. High numbers of Glomus spores were found in the saline soils, especially those of the inland locations examined. Approximately 80% of these spores were from Glomus geosporum as shown by a typical restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) pattern of the amplified internal transcribed spacer regions. The present study demonstrates that RFLP analysis is useful when screening habitats for the occurrence of mycorrhizal fungi which can be identified only with difficulty by morphological criteria.

Revue / Journal Title

Mycorrhiza    ISSN  0940-6360 

Source / Source

Congrès
COST 8.38 meeting Arbuscular Mycorrhizae and Plant Health under Abiotic Stress, Nancy , FRANCE
2000, vol. 10, no4, pp. 175-183 (35 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Springer, Berlin, ALLEMAGNE  (1991) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Colonization

;

Endomycorrhiza

;

Salt marsh

;

Genetic identification

;

Biodiversity

;

Salinity

;

Habitat

;

Salicornia europaea

;

Central Europe

;

Mycorrhiza

;

Chenopodiaceae

;

Dicotyledones

;

Angiospermae

;

Spermatophyta

;

Europe

;

Symbiosis

;

Halophyte

;

Microorganism

;

Symbionte

;

Plumbaginaceae

;

Phycomycetes

;

Fungi

;

Thallophyta

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Colonisation

;

Endomycorhize

;

Marais salé

;

Identification génétique

;

Diversité biologique

;

Salinité

;

Habitat

;

Salicornia europaea

;

Europe Centrale

;

Armeria maritima

;

Glomus geosporum

;

Mycorhize

;

Chenopodiaceae

;

Dicotyledones

;

Angiospermae

;

Spermatophyta

;

Europe

;

Symbiose

;

Halophyte

;

Microorganisme

;

Symbionte

;

Plumbaginaceae

;

Phycomycetes

;

Fungi

;

Thallophyta

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Colonización

;

Endomicorriza

;

Salina

;

Identificación genética

;

Diversidad biológica

;

Salinidad

;

Habitat

;

Salicornia europaea

;

Europa central

;

Micorriza

;

Chenopodiaceae

;

Dicotyledones

;

Angiospermae

;

Spermatophyta

;

Europa

;

Simbiosis

;

Halofito

;

Microorganismo

;

Simbionte

;

Plumbaginaceae

;

Phycomycetes

;

Fungi

;

Thallophyta

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 26794, 35400009443939.0040

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 854312



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