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Titre du document / Document title

Selective associations and causality judgments: presence of a strong causal factor may reduce judgments of a weaker one

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

BAKER A. G. ; MERCIER P. ; VALLEE-TOURANGEAU F. ; FRANK R. ; PAN M. ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

McGill univ., dep. psychology, Montréal PQ H3A 1B1, CANADA

Résumé / Abstract

In 5 experiments, humans played video games in which 2 events or causes covaried with an outcome. In Experiments 1 and 2, a highly correlated cause (a plane) of an outcome (success at traversing a minefield) reduced judgments of the strength of a weaker cause (camouflaging or painting a tank). In Experiment 3, similar results were found when both causes were negatively correlated with the outcome. In Experiment 4, strong positive or negative contingencies caused the subjects to reduce judgments of contingencies of the opposite polarity. These results can be accounted for by associative or connectionist models from animal learning such as the Rescorla-Wagner model. In Experiment 5, this type of model was contrasted with a representational model in which subjects are claimed to monitor accurately the various contingencies but use a rule in which the presence of a strong contingency causes them to discount weaker contingencies

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition    ISSN  0278-7393 

Source / Source

1993, vol. 19, no2, pp. 414-432 (49 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, ETATS-UNIS  (1982) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Judgment

;

Causality

;

Associative relation

;

Comparative study

;

Models

;

Connectionism

;

Learning

;

Classical conditioning

;

Reinforcement contingency

;

Acquisition process

;

Cognition

;

Human

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Jugement

;

Causalité

;

Relation associative

;

Etude comparative

;

Modèle

;

Connexionnisme

;

Apprentissage

;

Conditionnement classique

;

Contingence renforcement

;

Processus acquisition

;

Cognition

;

Homme

;

Modèle Rescorla Wagner

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Juicio

;

Causalidad

;

Relación asociativa

;

Estudio comparativo

;

Modelo

;

Conexionismo

;

Aprendizaje

;

Condicionamiento clásico

;

Contingencia refuerzo

;

Proceso adquisición

;

Cognición

;

Hombre

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 3032 C, 35400003289866.0150

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 4636676



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