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Titre du document / Document title

Beyond abilities: a dispositional theory of thinking

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

PERKINS D. N. ; JAY E. ; TISHMAN S. ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

Harvard univ., ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Most views of good thinking and its development hold that good thinking depends on general and specific abilities. A theory of good thinking based on the concept of dispositions is proposed here. Dispositions are often considered to be a matter of motivation. However, defined here is an expanded concept called triadic dispositions which emphasizes (a) inclinations, which may reflect motivation, habit, policy, or other factors; (b) sensitivity to occasion; and (c) abilities themselves. Advanced is a list of seven general dispositions that are argued to be collectively sufficient and individually necessary for a general characterization of good thinking. For example, these include the disposition to be broad and adventurous, the disposition toward sustained intellectual curiosity, and the disposition to be metacognitive. Finally, it is argued that a dispositional perspective on good thinking is a generative way of approaching issues concerning theories of thinking, the generality of thinking abilities, cnceptual development, culture, and education

Revue / Journal Title

Merrill-Palmer quarterly    ISSN  0272-930X 

Source / Source

1993, vol. 39, no 1 (3 p.), pp. 1-21

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Wayne State University Press, Detroit, MI, ETATS-UNIS  (1960) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Theory

;

Intellectual ability

;

Intellectual development

;

Metacognition

;

Cultural environment

;

Education

;

Age

;

Cognition

;

Social environment

;

Child

;

Adolescent

;

Cognitive development

;

Human

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Théorie

;

Aptitude intellectuelle

;

Développement intellectuel

;

Métacognition

;

Milieu culturel

;

Education

;

Age

;

Cognition

;

Environnement social

;

Enfant

;

Adolescent

;

Développement conceptuel

;

Développement cognitif

;

Homme

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Teoría

;

Aptitud intelectual

;

Desarrollo intelectual

;

Metacognición

;

Medio cultural

;

Educación

;

Edad

;

Cognición

;

Medio ambiente social

;

Niño

;

Adolescente

;

Hombre

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 21596, 35400003847531.0010

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 4515397



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