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Titre du document / Document title

Sexual behavior, sexually transmitted diseases, male circumcision and risk of HIV infection among women in Nairobi, Kenya

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

HUNTER D. J. (1) ; BAKER NDUGGA MAGGWA ; MATI J. K. G. ; TUKEI P. M. (1) ; MBUGUA S. ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Harvard school public health, dep. epidemiology, Boston MA 02115, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Objective: To study risk factors for HIV infection among women in Nairobi, Kenya, as the epidemic moves beyond high-risk groups. Design: A cross-sectional case-control study among women attending two peri-urban family planning clinics. Methods: A total of 4404 women were enrolled after giving written informed consent. Information on risk factors was obtained by interview using a structured questionnaire. Blood was taken for HIV and syphilis testing, and genital specimens for gonorrhea and trichomoniasis screening. Results: Two hundred and sixteen women (4.9%; 95% confidence interval, 4.3-5.5) were HIV-1 -positive. Although risk of HIV was significantly increased among unmarried women and among women with multiple sex partners, most seropositive women were married and reported only a single sex partner in the last year

Revue / Journal Title

AIDS    ISSN  0269-9370 

Source / Source

1994, vol. 8, no1, pp. 93-99 (27 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Hagerstown, MD, ETATS-UNIS  (1987) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

AIDS

;

Risk factor

;

Sexual behavior

;

Sexually transmitted disease

;

Circumcision

;

Sex partner

;

Epidemiology

;

Public health

;

Kenya

;

Female

;

Human

;

Viral disease

;

Infection

;

Africa

;

Immune deficiency

;

Immunopathology

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

SIDA

;

Facteur risque

;

Comportement sexuel

;

Maladie sexuellement transmissible

;

Circoncision

;

Partenaire sexuel

;

Epidémiologie

;

Santé publique

;

Kenya

;

Femelle

;

Homme

;

Virose

;

Infection

;

Afrique

;

Immunodéficit

;

Immunopathologie

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Inmunodeficiencia adquirida síndrome

;

Factor riesgo

;

Conducta sexual

;

Enfermedad de transmisión sexual

;

Circuncisión

;

Compañero sexual

;

Epidemiología

;

Salud pública

;

Kenya

;

Hembra

;

Hombre

;

Virosis

;

Infección

;

Africa

;

Inmunodeficiencia

;

Inmunopatología

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 22094, 35400004933090.0130

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 3925955



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