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Titre du document / Document title

Does the Defining Issues Test measure psychological phenomena distinct from verbal ability ? : an examination of Lykken's query

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

SANDERS C. E. ; LUBINSKI D. ; BENBOW C. P. ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

Iowa state univ., dep. psychology, Ames IA 50011-3180, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

This study examined the incremental validity of the Defining Issues Test (DIT), a test purporting to measure moral reasoning ability relative to verbal ability and other major markers of the construct of general intelligence (g). Across 2 independent studies of intellectually precocious adolescents (top 0.5%), results obtained with the DIT revealed that gifted individuals earned significantly higher moral reasoning scores than did their average-ability peers; they also scored higher than college freshmen, who were 4 to 5 years older. The relative standing of the intellectually gifted adolescents on moral reasoning, however, appears to be due to their superior level of verbal ability as opposed to any of a number of the other psychological variables examined here. The hypothesis that the DIT is conceptually distinct from conventional measures of verbal ability was not confirmed. Investigators conducting subsequent studies involving the assessment of moral reasoning are advised to incorporate measures of verbal ability into their designs, thereby enabling them to ascertain whether moral reasoning measures are indeed capturing systematic sources of individual differences distinct from verbal ability. This idea also is relevant to other concepts and measures purporting to assess optimal forms of human functioning more generally (e.g., creativity, ego development, and self-actualization ).

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of personality and social psychology    ISSN  0022-3514   CODEN JPSPB2 

Source / Source

1995, vol. 69, no3, pp. 498-504 (1 p.3/4)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, ETATS-UNIS  (1965) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Test validation

;

Defining Issues Test Rest

;

Verbal ability

;

Interindividual comparison

;

Intellectual ability

;

Giftedness

;

Moral development

;

Reasoning

;

Language

;

Psychometrics

;

Intelligence

;

Human

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Validation test

;

Defining Issues Test Rest

;

Aptitude verbale

;

Comparaison interindividuelle

;

Aptitude intellectuelle

;

Intelligence exceptionnelle

;

Développement moral

;

Raisonnement

;

Langage

;

Psychométrie

;

Intelligence

;

Homme

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Validación prueba

;

Defining Issues Test Rest

;

Aptitud verbal

;

Comparación interindividual

;

Aptitud intelectual

;

Inteligencia excepcional

;

Desarrollo moral

;

Razonamiento

;

Lenguaje

;

Psicometría

;

Inteligencia

;

Hombre

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 13817, 35400005439154.0080

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 3643194



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