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Titre du document / Document title

A Hindi version of the MMSE: the development of a cognitive screening instrument for a largely illiterate rural elderly population in India

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

GANGULI M. (1) ; RATCLIFF G. ; CHANDRA V. ; SHARMA S. ; GILBY J. ; PANDAV R. ; BELLE S. ; RYAN C. ; BAKER C. ; SEABERG E. ; DEKOSKY S. ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Univ. Pittsburgh, dep. psychiatry epidemiology, Pittsburgh PA, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

The Indo-US Cross-National Dementia Epidemiology Study seeks to compare two rural populations, in the US and India: the Monongahela Valley, a rural community of relatively low socioeconomic status in southwestern Pennsylvania (USA), and Ballabgarh, a rural community near New Delhi in North India. Of particular interest is the fact that the Ballagbarh elderly population is exlusively Hindi-speaking, hjas little or no education and is largely illiterate, rendering its cognitive screening a particular challenge. In this article we report methods and preliminary data on the development of a Hindi congitive screening instrument suitable for the Ballabgargh elderly population. We use as an example our Hindi adaptation of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), a widely used global cognitive screening scale. Systematic, item-by-item, emprically based test development has shown that effective modifications can be made to existing tests that require reading and writing; and that culturally sensitive modifications can be made to render the test meaningful and relevant while still tapping the appropriate cognitive domains. Certain cognitive functions, particularly orientation to time, remain difficult to test adequately in this type of population. In Ballabgarh, as in the Monongahela Valley, educated individuals obtain higher test scores. implications for dementia screening are discussed, including those relevant to the hypothesis that low education predisposes to dementia

Revue / Journal Title

International journal of geriatric psychiatry    ISSN  0885-6230 

Source / Source

1995, vol. 10, no5, pp. 367-377 (22 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Psychology Press, Hove, ROYAUME-UNI  (1986) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Foreign language version

;

Mini Mental State Examination Folstein et al

;

Neuropsychological test

;

Cognitive disorder

;

Crosscultural study

;

India

;

United States

;

Epidemiology

;

Public health

;

Mental health

;

Rural environment

;

Illiteracy

;

Education level

;

Psychometrics

;

Elderly

;

Dementia

;

Asia

;

North America

;

America

;

Human

;

Degenerative disease

;

Central nervous system disease

;

Nervous system diseases

;

Cerebral disorder

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Version étrangère

;

Mini Mental State Examination Folstein et al

;

Test neuropsychologique

;

Trouble cognition

;

Etude transculturelle

;

Inde

;

Etats Unis

;

Epidémiologie

;

Santé publique

;

Santé mentale

;

Milieu rural

;

Analphabétisme

;

Niveau étude

;

Psychométrie

;

Vieillard

;

Hindi

;

Démence

;

Asie

;

Amérique du Nord

;

Amérique

;

Homme

;

Maladie dégénérative

;

Système nerveux central pathologie

;

Système nerveux pathologie

;

Encéphale pathologie

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Versión extranjera

;

Mini Mental State Examination Folstein et al

;

Prueba neuropsichologica

;

Trastorno cognitivo

;

Estudio transcultural

;

India

;

Estados Unidos

;

Epidemiología

;

Salud pública

;

Salud mental

;

Medio rural

;

Analfabetismo

;

Nivel estudio

;

Psicometría

;

Anciano

;

Demencia

;

Asia

;

America del norte

;

America

;

Hombre

;

Enfermedad degenerativa

;

Sistema nervosio central patología

;

Sistema nervioso patología

;

Encéfalo patología

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 21188, 35400005063137.0030

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 3519706



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