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Titre du document / Document title

Antibacterial and antifungal activity of ten essential oils in vitro

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

PATTNAIK S. (1) ; SUBRAMANYAM V. R. (2) ; KOLE C. (3) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Regional Medical Research Centre, (Indian Council of Medical Research), Bhubaneswar, INDE
(2) Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, University of Malawi, PB 360, Chichiri, Blantyre, MALAWI
(3) Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar, INDE

Résumé / Abstract

The essential oils of aegle, ageratum, citronella, eucalyptus, geranium, lemongrass, orange, palmarosa, patchouli and peppermint, were tested for antibacterial activity against 22 bacteria, including Gram-positive cocci and rods and Gram-negative rods, and twelve fungi (3 yeast-like and 9 filamentous) by the disc diffusion method. Lemongrass, eucalyptus, peppermint and orange oils were effective against all the 22 bacterial strains. Aegle and palmarosa oils inhibited 21 bacteria ; patchouli and ageratum oils inhibited 20 bacteria and citronella and geranium oils were inhibitory to 15 and 12 bacterial strains, respectively. All twelve fungi were inhibited by seven oils (aegle, citronella, geranium, lemongrass, orange, palmarosa and patchouli). Eucalyptus and peppermint oils were effective against eleven fungi. Ageratum oil was inhibitory to only four fungi tested. The MIC of eucalyptus, lemongrass, palmarosa and peppermint oils ranged from 0.16 to >20 μl ml-1 for eighteen bacteria and from 0.25 to 10 μl ml-1 for twelve fungi.

Revue / Journal Title

Microbios    ISSN  0026-2633   CODEN MCBIA7 

Source / Source

1996, vol. 86, no349, pp. 237-246 (15 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Faculty Press, Cambridge, ROYAUME-UNI  (1969-2001) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Essential oil

;

Plant origin

;

Biological activity

;

Antibacterial agent

;

Antifungal agent

;

In vitro

;

Screening

;

Minimum inhibitory concentration

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Huile essentielle

;

Origine végétale

;

Activité biologique

;

Antibactérien

;

Antifongique

;

In vitro

;

Criblage

;

Concentration minimale inhibitrice

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Aceite esencial

;

Origen vegetal

;

Actividad biológica

;

Antibacteriano

;

Antifúngico

;

In vitro

;

Cernido

;

Concentración mínima inhibidora

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 7193, 35400006669957.0050

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 3245986



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