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Titre du document / Document title

Traditional medicine in the treatment of parasitic diseases in the Philippines

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

MONZON R. B. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Departments of Parasitology, College of Public Health, University of the Philippines, Manila, PHILIPPINES

Résumé / Abstract

Parasitic diseases are a continuing public health problem in the Philippines. Soil-transmitted helminthiases (ascariasis, trichuriasis, etc) are the most prevalent especially among children. Other major parasitic infections that cause significant mortality and morbidity in the population are malaria, lymphatic filariasis and schistosomiasis. Since these parasitic infections are more prevalent in the rural areas of the country, traditional drugs (medicinal plants) have evolved for some of them. These have been passed on through folkloric tradition and are propagated by traditional medicine men known as herbolarios. It is essential that these alternative chemotherapeutic agents be scientifically tested in order to ensure their safety and effectivity for the human population that depends on such. Among the plants that have been identified to have antihelminthic properties are: Anona reticulata (custard apple), Areca catechu (areca of betelnut palm), Quisqualis indica (niyog-niyogan or Chinese honeysuckle), Leucaena leucocephala (ipil-ipil), Carica papaya (papaya), Cassia alata (alapulko or ringworm bush) and Ananas comosus (pinya or pineapple). The only suspected antiprotozoal drug is an antimalarial - Alstonia scholaris (dita or Australian quinine bark). There are also traditional drugs claimed to be effective against parasitic infestations (scabies andpediculosis) such as: Melaleuca leucadendron (cajeput oil tree), Tinospora crispa (makabuhay), Phyllanthus nirui (sampasampalukan or egg woman), Cissampelos pareira (sinsaw-sinsawan), Moringa oleifera (malunggay or horse-radish tree), Gliricidia sepium (kakawati), Cassia alata (akapulko or ringworm bush), Plumeria acutifolia (kalatsutsi or frangipani) and Anona squamosa (atis or custard apple). In vitro and in vivo laboratory trials always precede human clinical trials due to ethical guidelines. Plants with antihelminthic potential may be screened in vivo indirectly, by observing their effects on animals infected with parasites that are taxonomically and physiologically similar to their human counterparts. In vitro studies are also possible with larger species such as Ascaris lumbricoides which can be maintained in physiological solutions and attached to kymograms. Antimalarial properties may be tested in vivo using the Plasmodium berghei - mouse model (Yoeli, 1965) or in vitro using Trager and Jensen's (1976) continuous culture method for P. falciparum. Traditional drugs for the treatment of parasitic diseases should be explored and developed since they are cheaper and more accessible to the rural poor who have the greatest need for medical treatment. Likewise, they may offer an alternative solution to the emerging problem of drug resistance which is a common phenomenon especially among the synthetic and more expensive Western drugs that developing countries have become dependent on.

Revue / Journal Title

Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health    ISSN  0125-1562   CODEN SJTMAK 

Source / Source

1995, vol. 26, no3, pp. 421-428 (24 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

SEAMO, Regional Tropical Medicine and Public Health Network, Bangkok, THAILANDE  (1970) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Parasitosis

;

Treatment

;

Folk medicine

;

Philippine Islands

;

Medicinal plant

;

Review

;

Human

;

Infection

;

Asia

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Parasitose

;

Traitement

;

Médecine traditionnelle

;

Philippines

;

Plante médicinale

;

Article synthèse

;

Homme

;

Infection

;

Asie

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Parasitosis

;

Tratamiento

;

Medicina tradicional

;

Filipinas

;

Planta medicinal

;

Artículo síntesis

;

Hombre

;

Infección

;

Asia

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 19778, 35400004499043.0060

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 3030064



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