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Titre du document / Document title

Construction of a personal development competitive attitude scale

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

RYCKMAN R. M. (1) ; HAMMER M. ; KACZOR L. M. ; GOLD J. A. ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Department of Psychology, University of Maine, Orona, ME 04469-5742, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Theory development and research in the area of psychologically healthy competition has been impeded by the lack of a psychometrically sound instrument. Four studies were conducted as part of a research program designed to remedy this deficiency by constructing an individual difference measure of general personal development competitive attitude with satisfactory psychometric properties. In Studies 1 and 2, a 15-item scale was derived primarily through item-total correlational analysis; it demonstrated satisfactory internal and testretest reliabilities. Studies 3 and 4 were concerned with establishing the construct validity of the scale. Both Studies 3 and 4 showed the scale's discriminant validity through its lack of association with hypercompetitiveness. In addition, its construct validity was seen in its negative association with neurosis and its positive links with personal and social self-esteem and optimal psychological health. Also, as expected, personal development competitiveness was positively correlated with needs for affiliation, whereas hypercompetitiveness was unrelated to affiliation needs. Although hypercompetitive individuals were more aggressive, dominant, and exhibitionistic, this was not the case for personal development competitors.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of personality assessment    ISSN  0022-3891   CODEN JNPABU 

Source / Source

1996, vol. 66, no2, pp. 374-385 (1 p.1/4)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Taylor & Francis, Philadelphia, PA, ETATS-UNIS  (1971) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Attitude scale

;

Questionnaire

;

Competition

;

Personality test

;

Test validation

;

Test reliability

;

Psychometrics

;

Human

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Echelle attitude

;

Questionnaire

;

Compétition

;

Test personnalité

;

Validation test

;

Fidélité test

;

Psychométrie

;

Homme

;

Personal Development Competitive Attitude Scale Ryckman et al

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Escala actitud

;

Cuestionario

;

Competencia

;

Prueba personalidad

;

Validación prueba

;

Fidelidad pruebra

;

Psicometría

;

Hombre

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 2394, 35400004481439.0130

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 3020787



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