RefDoc
Haut

Faire une nouvelle recherche
Make a new search
Lancer la recherche


Titre du document / Document title

Stereotype threat and the intellectual test performance of African Americans

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

STEELE C. M. (1) ; ARONSON J. ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Stanford univ., dep. psychology, Stanford CA 94305, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Stereotype threat is being at risk of confirming, as self-characteristic, a negative stereotype about one's group. Studies I and 2 varied the stereotype vulnerability of Black participants taking a difficult verbal test by varying whether or not their performance was ostensibly diagnostic of ability, and thus, whether or not they were at risk of fulfilling the racial stereotype about their intellectual ability. Reflecting the pressure of this vulnerability, Blacks underperformed in relation to Whites in the ability-diagnostic condition but not in the nondiagnostic condition (with Scholastic Aptitude Tests controlled). Study 3 validated that ability-diagnosticity cognitively activated the racial stereotype in these participants and motivated them not to conform to it, or to be judged by it. Study 4 showed that mere salience of the stereotype could impair Blacks' performance even when the test was not ability diagnostic. The role of stereotype vulnerability in the standardized test performance of ability-stigmatized groups is discussed.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of personality and social psychology    ISSN  0022-3514   CODEN JPSPB2 

Source / Source

1995, vol. 69, no5, pp. 797-811 (38 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, ETATS-UNIS  (1965) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Stereotype

;

Performance

;

Intelligence test

;

Intellectual ability

;

Verbal intelligence

;

Verbal ability

;

Test difficulty

;

Caucasoid

;

Black American

;

Race

;

Racism

;

Attitude

;

Social cognition

;

Human

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Stéréotype

;

Performance

;

Test intelligence

;

Aptitude intellectuelle

;

Intelligence verbale

;

Aptitude verbale

;

Difficulté test

;

Caucasoïde

;

Noir américain

;

Race

;

Racisme

;

Attitude

;

Cognition sociale

;

Homme

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Estereotipo

;

Rendimiento

;

Prueba inteligencia

;

Aptitud intelectual

;

Inteligencia verbal

;

Aptitud verbal

;

Dificultad prueba

;

Caucásico

;

Negro americano

;

Raza

;

Racismo

;

Actitud

;

Cognición social

;

Hombre

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 13817, 35400005860714.0010

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 2898216



Faire une nouvelle recherche
Make a new search
Lancer la recherche
Bas