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Titre du document / Document title

Field Strains of Monilinia fructicola Resistant to Both MBC and DMI Fungicides Isolated from Stone Fruit Orchards in the Eastern United States

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

CHEN F. (1) ; LIU X. (1) ; SCHNABEL G. (2) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, CHINE
(2) School of Agricultural, Forest & Environmental Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

In 2012, significant brown rot disease was observed on stone fruit in Pennsylvania, Maryland, and South Carolina despite preharvest application of methyl benzimidazole carbamate (MBC) and demethylase inhibitor (DMI) fungicides. In total, 140 Monilinia fructicola isolates were collected from diseased orchards and examined for fungicide sensitivity. In addition to isolates resistant to either the DMI propiconazole or the MBC thiophanate-methyl, 22 isolates were discovered that were resistant to both fungicides, including 4 isolates from peach in South Carolina, 12 isolates from peach and sweet cherry in Maryland, and 6 isolates from sweet cherry in Pennsylvania. Analysis of MBC resistance revealed that dual-resistant isolates from South Carolina carried the β-tubulin E198A mutation, whereas isolates from Maryland and Pennsylvania carried E198 mutations not previously described in the Monilinia genus, E198Q or F200Y. The genetic element Mona, associated with DMI fungicide resistance in M. fructicola, was detected in the dual-resistant isolates from South Carolina but not in the isolates from the two more northern states. An investigation into the molecular mechanism of DMI resistance in the latter isolates revealed that resistance was not based on increased expression or mutation of MfCYP51, which encodes the target of DMI fungicides. Label rates of formulated propiconazole or thiophanate-methyl were unable to control dual-resistant isolates on detached peach fruit, confirming field relevance of dual resistance. The same isolates were not affected by fitness penalties based on mycelial growth rate, ability to sporulate, and virulence on detached peach fruit. The emergence of M. fructicola strains resistant to both DMI and MBC fungicides in multiple states and multiple stone fruit crops is a significant development and needs to be considered when designing resistance management strategies in stone fruit orchards.

Revue / Journal Title

Plant disease    ISSN  0191-2917   CODEN PLDIDE 

Source / Source

2013, vol. 97, no8, pp. 1063-1068 [6 page(s) (article)] (28 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, MN, ETATS-UNIS  (1980) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

America

;

North America

;

Pesticides

;

Fungi

;

Ascomycota

;

Plant

;

Plant pathogen

;

United States

;

Fungicide

;

Resistance

;

Monilinia fructicola

;

Strain

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Amérique

;

Amérique du Nord

;

Pesticide

;

Fungi

;

Ascomycota

;

Plante

;

Phytopathogène

;

Etats-Unis

;

Fongicide

;

Résistance

;

Monilinia fructicola

;

Souche

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

America

;

America del norte

;

Plaguicida

;

Fungi

;

Ascomycota

;

Planta

;

Fitopatógeno

;

Estados Unidos

;

Fungicida

;

Resistencia

;

Monilinia fructicola

;

Cepa

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 12673, 35400050389742.0080

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 27537723



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