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Titre du document / Document title

Who are the Kalang : An unknown minority group on Java and their so-called myth of origin = Qui sont les Kalang : un groupe minoritaire inconnu de Java et leur mythe d'origine

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

WIERINGA E. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Institute of Ethnology, University of Münster, ALLEMAGNE

Résumé / Abstract

Friedrich Seltmann's monograph about the Kalang, which appeared in 1987, has been acclaimed as an invaluable handbook on the subject. Close reading, however, reveals that it is anything but reliable. Seltmann's book merely presents the negative Javanese imagery of the Kalang, whereas the Kalang themselves remain in the dark. In the article three important sections of Seltmann's work are discussed: (1) the history of the Kalang, (2) the Kalang death ritual, and (3) the Kalang myth of origin. It is argued that the reason that the Kalang became a low-status group in Javanese society probably had to do with their association with the forest. Initially, the so-called myth of origin of the Kalang, in which they are presented as descendants of a woman and a (were-)dog, was a Javanese explanation for the inferior position of the Kalang as wandering woodsmen. In a later period, when the Kalang emerged as (wealthy) businessmen, this myth of origin could make it plain to the Javanese what the reason of the Kalang's economical success was.

Revue / Journal Title

Anthropos    ISSN  0257-9774 

Source / Source

1998, vol. 93, no1-3, pp. 19-30 (1 p.1/4)

Langue / Language

Anglais
Revue : Espagnol

Editeur / Publisher

Editions St-Paul, Fribourg, SUISSE  (1906) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Southeast Asia

;

Indonesia

;

Sunda Islands

;

Java

;

Attitude towards

;

Ethnic minority

;

Cultural history

;

Myth of origin

;

Ancestor

;

Dog

;

Funeral ceremony

;

Economic activity

;

Trader

;

Prosperity

;

Criticism of ethnology

;

Kalang

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Asie du Sud-Est

;

Indonésie

;

Iles de la Sonde

;

Java

;

Attitude envers

;

Minorité ethnique

;

Histoire culturelle

;

Mythe d'origine

;

Ancêtre

;

Chien

;

Rite funéraire

;

Activité économique

;

Commerçant

;

Prospérité

;

Critique de l'ethnologie

;

Seltmann (F.)

;

Kalang

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 25570, 35400007880207.0020

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 2469445



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