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Titre du document / Document title

New ice-core evidence challenges the 1620s BC age for the Santorini (Minoan) eruption = De nouveaux carottages glaciaires mettent en évidence l'éruption de Santorin (minoen) autour de 1620 BC

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

ZIELINSKI G. A. (1) ; GERMANI M. S. (2) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Climate Change Research Center, Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans and Space, and Department of Earth Sciences, University of New Hampshire, Durham NH 03824, ETATS-UNIS
(2) MVA Inc., Burr Ridge, IL 60521, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Determining a reliable calendrical age of the Santorini (Minoan) eruption is necessary to place the impact of the eruption into its proper context within Bronze Age society in the Aegean region. The high-resolution record of the deposition of volcanically produced acids on polar ice sheets, as available in the SO 4 2- time series from ice cores (a direct signal), and the high-resolution record of the climatic impact of past volcanism inferred in tree rings (a secondary signal) have been widely used to assign a 1628/1627 BC age to the eruption. The layer of ice in the GISP2 (Greenland) ice core corresponding to 1623 ± 36 BC, which is probably correlative to the 1628/1627 BC event, not only contains a large volcanic-SO 4 2- spike, but it contains volcanic glass. Composition of this glass does not match the composition of glass from the Santorini eruption, thus severely challenging the 1620s BC age for the eruption. Similarly, the GISP2 glass does not match the composition of glass from other eruptions (Aniakchak, Mt. St. Helens, Vesuvius) thought to have occurred in the 17th century BC nor does it match potential Icelandic sources. These findings suggest that an eruption not documented in the geological record is responsible for the many climate-proxy signals in the late 1620s BC. Although these findings do not unequivocally discount the 1620s BC age, we recommend that 1628/1627 BC no longer be held as the definitive age for the Santorini eruption.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of archaeological science    ISSN  0305-4403   CODEN JASCDU 

Source / Source

1998, vol. 25, no3, pp. 279-289 (1 p.3/4)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Elsevier, Kidlington, ROYAUME-UNI  (1974) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Geology and climatology

;

Tephrochronology

;

Geomorphology

;

Volcanism

;

Aegean Sea

;

Chronology

;

Bronze

;

Minoan

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Géologie et climatologie

;

Téphrochronologie

;

Géomorphologie

;

Volcanisme

;

Mer Egée

;

Chronologie

;

Bronze

;

Minoen

;

Santorin

;

Thera

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 18515, 35400007898944.0090

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 2460360



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