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Titre du document / Document title

Physiological analysis of transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana plants expressing one nitrilase isoform in sense or antisense direction

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

GRSIC S. (1) ; SAUERTEIG S. (1) ; NEUHAUS K. (1) ; ALBRECHT M. (1) ; ROSSITER J. (2) ; LUDWIG-MÜLLER J. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Botanisches Institut, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität, Siesmayerstr. 70, 60054 Frankfurt, ALLEMAGNE
(2) Dept. of Biological Sciences, Wye College, University of London, Wye, Ashford, Kent TN25 5AH, ROYAUME-UNI

Résumé / Abstract

The biosynthesis of IAA in Arabidopsis thaliana can proceed via different pathways, which involve indole-3-acetonitrile (IAN) as an intermediate. The enzyme nitrilase, which converts IAN to the auxin indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), might be a key enzyme in this biosynthetic pathway. To elucidate the role of nitrilase during the development of the plant, we have investigated transgenic Arabidopsis plants, carrying one of the four nitrilase isoforms so far identified in Arabidopsis in either sense or antisense direction. The plants have been analyzed for their phenotype, auxin content, nitrilase transcript and protein amounts, and nitrilase activity. Analysis of free IAA content in seedlings did not reveal any prominent differences between the different lines, whereas the total IAA content was slightly increased in the line overexpressing NIT2 (sNIT2). In two of the antisense lines (aN IT 1 and aNIT2) the total auxin content was about 75 % lower than in the wild type, while IAN was increased in these two antisense lines by about 2-fold. In sNIT2 plants the IAN content was slightly decreased compared with the wild type. When IAN was added to the medium, a strong increase in IAA content was found in sNIT2 seedlings (ca. 22-fold), which was much lower in wild type and antisense plants. In mature plants levels of free IAA were decreased by about 25 % and 50% in the antisense lines aNIT2 and aNIT 1, respectively, whereas the IAA content in the other lines did not differ much, sNIT2/aNIT2 plants were further characterized because it was shown by Northern and Western analysis as well as enzyme activity measurements that sNIT2 plants overexpress nitrilase constitutively. The results with these plants have shown that i) both nitrilase 1 and nitrilase 2 accept the same substrates, and ii) overexpression of nitrilase does not lead to a visible phenotype because in vivo IAN might be the limiting factor in these plants. Application of IAN leads to an increase in total nitrilase protein as shown by Western blotting. Using transgenic lines with promoter-GUS fusions for each NIT gene, it was shown that i) NITI is highly expressed in seedlings and ii) NIT2 is strongly induced (21-fold) after IAN application.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of plant physiology    ISSN  0176-1617   CODEN JPPHEY 

Source / Source

1998, vol. 153, no3-4, pp. 446-456 (29 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Elsevier, Munich, ALLEMAGNE  (1984) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Indoleacetic acid

;

Biosynthesis

;

Metabolic pathway

;

Indole derivatives

;

Acetonitrile

;

Nitrilase

;

Transgenic plant

;

Regulation(control)

;

Gene expression

;

Arabidopsis thaliana

;

Enzymatic activity

;

Substrate specificity

;

Isozyme

;

Auxin

;

Biological accumulation

;

Hydrolases

;

Enzyme

;

Cruciferae

;

Dicotyledones

;

Angiospermae

;

Spermatophyta

;

Plant growth substance

;

Experimental plant

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Indoleacétique acide

;

Biosynthèse

;

Voie métabolique

;

Indole dérivé

;

Acétonitrile

;

Nitrilase

;

Plante transgénique

;

Régulation

;

Expression génique

;

Arabidopsis thaliana

;

Activité enzymatique

;

Spécificité substrat

;

Isozyme

;

Auxine

;

Accumulation biologique

;

Indole-3-acétonitrile

;

Hydrolases

;

Enzyme

;

Cruciferae

;

Dicotyledones

;

Angiospermae

;

Spermatophyta

;

Substance croissance végétal

;

Plante expérimentale

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Indoloacetico ácido

;

Biosíntesis

;

Vía métabolica

;

Indol derivado

;

Acetonitrilo

;

Nitrilase

;

Planta transgénica

;

Regulación

;

Expresión genética

;

Arabidopsis thaliana

;

Actividad enzimática

;

Especificidad sustrato

;

Isozima

;

Auxina

;

Acumulación biológica

;

Hydrolases

;

Enzima

;

Cruciferae

;

Dicotyledones

;

Angiospermae

;

Spermatophyta

;

Substancia crecimiento vegetal

;

Planta experimental

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 922, 35400007135040.0240

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 2422942



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