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Titre du document / Document title

Peripheral retinal hemorrhages : a literature review and report on thirty-three patients

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

TOLLS D. B. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) New England College of Optometry, New England Eye Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Background: Peripheral retinal hemorrhages are often asymptomatic and are detected during routine dilation. The incidence of peripheral retinal hemorrhages is unknown and there is a paucity of information on the subject available in the literature. Methods: This article reports on 33 patients with peripheral retinal hemorrhage detected during routine fundus examination. The possible etiologies and pathophysiology of peripheral retinal hemorrhages are discussed and a management plan for the primary care clinician is presented. The ophthalmic literature was reviewed and reports of peripheral retinal hemorrhages were included. For each etiology, the ocular and systemic sequelae, symptoms, testing, treatment, and followup are delineated Results: Various proposed etiologies of peripheral retinal hemorrhages include senescence, systemic and retinal vascular disease, hematologic disorders, infectious disease, hypoxia, and mechanical and iatrogenic causes. Conclusion: Despite their asymptomatic nature, peripheral retinal hemorrhages have a variety of potential etiologies and risk factors. Causes associated with serious ocular or systemic complications must be identified so that appropriate treatment and followup can be instituted.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of the American Optometric Association    ISSN  0003-0244   CODEN JAOPBD 

Source / Source

1998, vol. 69, no9, pp. 563-574 (47 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

American Optometric Association, St. Louis, MO, ETATS-UNIS  (1929-1999) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Hemorrhage

;

Peripheral retina

;

Etiology

;

Risk factor

;

Bibliographic review

;

Human

;

Eye disease

;

Retinopathy

;

Cardiovascular disease

;

Vascular disease

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Hémorragie

;

Rétine périphérique

;

Etiologie

;

Facteur risque

;

Revue bibliographique

;

Homme

;

Oeil pathologie

;

Rétinopathie

;

Appareil circulatoire pathologie

;

Vaisseau sanguin pathologie

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Hemorragia

;

Retina periférica

;

Etiología

;

Factor riesgo

;

Revista bibliográfica

;

Hombre

;

Ojo patología

;

Retinopatía

;

Aparato circulatorio patología

;

Vaso sanguíneo patología

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 18907, 35400007038707.0010

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 2405636



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