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Titre du document / Document title

Low-Status Compensation: A Theory for Understanding the Role of Status in Cultures of Honor

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

HENRY P. J. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) DePaul University and University of Bielefeld, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

The mechanisms that link herding regions to cultures of honor have never been empirically tested. The objective of the present article is to show the important role that issues of status play in linking herding regions to cultures of honor using the theory of low-status compensation (P. J. Henry, 2008b) as a framework. Four studies are presented. Study 1 replicates the finding that counties in the American South conducive to herding have higher murder rates than do counties conducive to farming but shows those differences are mediated by indicators of status disparities in a county. Study 2 replicates the findings of Study 1 with an international sample of 92 countries. Study 3 tests the theoretical idea that people who are low in socioeconomic status face stigma in society and show self-defensive strategies generally. Finally, Study 4 provides experimental evidence that low-status tendencies toward aggressing in the face of insults may be due to strategies to protect their sense of social worth. The results are contextualized within the theory of low-status compensation as a theory for understanding the role status plays in predicting some forms of violence.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of personality and social psychology    ISSN  0022-3514   CODEN JPSPB2 

Source / Source

2009, vol. 97, no3, pp. 451-466 [16 page(s) (article)] (1 p.3/4)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, ETATS-UNIS  (1965) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Sociodemographic factor

;

Social environment

;

Human

;

Criminality

;

Murder

;

Predictive factor

;

Violence

;

Correlation analysis

;

Socioeconomic status

;

Stigma

;

Cultural environment

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Facteur sociodémographique

;

Environnement social

;

Homme

;

Criminalité

;

Meurtre

;

Facteur prédictif

;

Violence

;

Analyse corrélation

;

Statut socioéconomique

;

Stigmate

;

Milieu culturel

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Factor sociodemográfico

;

Contexto social

;

Hombre

;

Criminalidad

;

Homicidio

;

Factor predictivo

;

Violencia

;

Análisis correlación

;

Estatuto socioeconómico

;

Estigma

;

Contexto cultural

;

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

low-status compensation

;

culture of honor

;

status

;

aggression

;

stigma

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 13817, 35400017180440.0050

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 21829578



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