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Titre du document / Document title

Heterosis in yield, fiber quality, and photosynthesis of okra leaf oriented hybrid cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

WEI ZHU (1) ; KUI LIU (2) ; WANG Xue-De (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, CHINE
(2) Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Greenhouse and Processing Crops Research Centre, Harrow, ON, NOR 1G0, CANADA

Résumé / Abstract

Leaf shape is an important factor affecting canopy structure, photosynthetic characteristics, and yield. Introducing okra leaf shape is considered an important strategy in cotton heterosis breeding. The objective of the study was to evaluate the heterosis in okra leaf cotton hybrid F1s, which were developed by crossing two sterile near isolines and three restorer near isolines. A normal leaf check hybrid F1, Zhongza 29, and four newly developed okra leaf oriented hybrid F1s, including the super-okra (severely cleft and narrowly lobed leaf), okra (deeply cleft and narrowly lobed leaf), semi-okra (intermediate leaf lobe), and sub-okra (large leaf lobe) hybrids were selected in this experiment. Okra leaf oriented cotton hybrids significantly reduced leaf area index (LAI) (P < 0.0001), thus more light penetrated into the lower canopy. The LAIs for the super-okra and okra hybrids, however, were too small to supply adequate photosynthate, thus resulting in early maturity, short boll filling period, and low yield. As the LAI increases, the semi-okra and sub-okra hybrids showed certain heterosis. The semi-okra hybrid showed 7-12% heterosis over the check hybrid in lint percent, 6-11% in boll weight, 2-147% in canopy light intensity, 1-10% in net photosynthetic rate (Pn), and -3 to 3% in lint yield. As well, all tested okra leaf hybrids improved fiber quality such as micronaire compared with the normal leaf check hybrid. The results suggested that adopting okra leaf parental lines in cotton breeding provided potentials in increasing fiber quality with comparable lint yield.

Revue / Journal Title

Euphytica    ISSN  0014-2336   CODEN EUPHAA 

Source / Source

2008, vol. 164, no1, pp. 283-291 [9 page(s) (article)] (3/4 p.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Springer, Dordrecht, PAYS-BAS  (1952) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Fiber crop

;

Spermatophyta

;

Angiospermae

;

Dicotyledones

;

Malvaceae

;

Gossypium hirsutum

;

Genetic improvement

;

Light interception

;

Hybrid variety

;

Plant leaf

;

Photosynthesis

;

Fiber

;

Quality

;

Yield

;

Heterosis

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Plante à fibres

;

Spermatophyta

;

Angiospermae

;

Dicotyledones

;

Malvaceae

;

Gossypium hirsutum

;

Amélioration génétique

;

Interception lumière

;

Variété hybride

;

Feuille végétal

;

Photosynthèse

;

Fibre

;

Qualité

;

Rendement

;

Hétérosis

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Planta de fibras

;

Spermatophyta

;

Angiospermae

;

Dicotyledones

;

Malvaceae

;

Gossypium hirsutum

;

Enriquecimiento genético

;

Intercepción luz

;

Variedad híbrida

;

Hoja vegetal

;

Fotosíntesis

;

Fibra

;

Calidad

;

Rendimiento

;

Heterosis

;

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

Gossypium hirsutum, Heterosis

;

Light interception, Okra leaf cotton

;

Photosynthetic rate, Yield

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 8245, 35400018585753.0270

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 20718684



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