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Titre du document / Document title

The impact of kosmotropes and chaotropes on bulk and hydration shell water dynamics in a model peptide solution

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

RUSSO Daniela ;

Résumé / Abstract

Kosmotropic (order-making) and chaotropic (order-breaking) co-solvents influence stability and biochemical equilibrium in aqueous solutions of proteins, acting indirectly through the structure and dynamics of the hydration water that surrounds the protein molecules. We have investigated the influence of kosmotropic and chaotropic co-solvents on the hydrogen bonding network dynamics of both bulk water and hydration water. To this end the evolution of bulk water and hydration water dynamics of a prototypical hydrophobic amino acid with polar backbone, N-acetyl-leucine-methylamide (NALMA), has been studied by quasielastic neutron scattering as a function of solvent composition. The results show that bulk water and hydration water dynamics, apart from a dynamical suppression that depends on the NALMA solute, exhibit the same dependence on addition of co-solvent for all of the co-solvents studied (urea, glycerol, MgSO4, and dimethyl sulfoxide). The hydrophobic solute and the high concentration water-structuring additive have the same effect on the water hydrogen bonding network. Water remains the preferential hydration of the hydrophobic side chain and backbone. We also find that the reorganization of the bulk water hydrogen bond network, upon addition of kosmotrope and chaotrope additives, is not dynamically perturbed, and that the hydrogen bond lifetime is maintained at 1 ps as in pure bulk water. On the other hand the addition of NALMA to the water/co-solvent binary system causes reorganization of the hydrogen bonds, resulting in an increased hydrogen bond lifetime. Furthermore, the solute's side chain dynamics is not affected by high concentrations of co-solvent. We shall discuss the hydration dynamics results in the context of protein folding and protein-solvent interactions.

Revue / Journal Title

Chemical physics    ISSN  0301-0104   CODEN CMPHC2 

Source / Source

2008, vol. 345, no2-3, pp. 200-211 [12 page(s) (article)]

Langue / Language


Editeur / Publisher

Elsevier, Oxford, ROYAUME-UNI  (1973) (Revue)

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

Hydrophobic interaction


Water dynamics


Hydration water dynamics


Neutron scattering








Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 16231, 35400017270274.0100

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 20266169

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