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Titre du document / Document title

Emissions of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) from sludge drying beds to the atmosphere in Chicago

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

YI Seung-Muk (1) ; REDDY PAGILLA Sandhya (2) ; SEO Yong-Chan (3) ; MILLS William J. (4) ; HOLSEN Thomas M. (2) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health, Seoul National University, Yeongon-dong, Chongro-gu, Seoul 110-799, COREE, REPUBLIQUE DE
(2) Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Clarkson University, Box 5710, Potsdam, NY 13699, ETATS-UNIS
(3) Department of Environmental Engineering, Sangji University, Wonju 220-702, COREE, REPUBLIQUE DE
(4) Mills Consulting Inc, Oak Park, IL 60304, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Ambient air PCB concentrations in the Lake Calumet region in Southeast Chicago have been found to be significantly higher than in nearby non-urban areas. This area is highly industrialized and also contains municipal sludge drying facilities and landfills. In an effort to quantify the importance of the sludge drying facilities to the elevated concentrations, upwind/downwind air samples from the Calumet East sludge drying bed were obtained between April and October 2002. For these samples, the downwind minus upwind (downwind-upwind) concentration varied from 0.33 to 1.27 ng m-3 for non-northeast (NE) direction winds suggesting sludge drying is a source of PCBs to the atmosphere. However, the upwind concentrations were higher than the downwind for winds from the NE of the sampling site suggesting more significant source(s), possibly Lake Calumet or the so called "Cluster site" NE of the sludge drying beds. Flux chamber experiments carried out during the sampling period measured average PCB fluxes of 210 ng m-2 h-1 (range 43-910 ng m-2 h-1) which resulted in an overall flux of 0.005 kg day (d)-1 (∼2 kg yr-1). A developed regression equation between moisture content and sludge concentration estimated higher PCB losses of 0.26 kg d-1 (∼95 kg yr-1). Although these two approaches yielded different values, they both indicate that the emission from the Calumet East sludge drying beds were of minimal importance when compared to the total estimated amount of 2-70 kg d-1 (700-2100 kg yr-1) of PCBs entering the Chicago atmosphere.

Revue / Journal Title

Chemosphere    ISSN  0045-6535   CODEN CMSHAF 

Source / Source

2008, vol. 71, no6, pp. 1028-1034 [7 page(s) (article)] (3/4 p.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Elsevier, Kidlington, ROYAUME-UNI  (1972) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Persistent organic pollutant

;

Organic compounds

;

Great Lakes of America

;

America

;

North America

;

United States

;

Lake Michigan

;

Illinois

;

Chicago

;

Emission inventory

;

Mud

;

Drying

;

Pollution source

;

Pollutant emission

;

Wind field

;

Atmospheric condition

;

Environmental factor

;

Spatial variation

;

Concentration distribution

;

Urban area

;

Polychlorobiphenyls

;

Aromatic compound

;

Organic chlorine compounds

;

Air pollution

;

Troposphere

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Polluant organique persistant

;

Composé organique

;

Grands Lacs Amérique

;

Amérique

;

Amérique du Nord

;

Etats-Unis

;

Lac Michigan

;

Illinois

;

Chicago

;

Inventaire émission

;

Boue

;

Séchage

;

Source pollution

;

Emission polluant

;

Distribution vent

;

Condition météorologique

;

Facteur milieu

;

Variation spatiale

;

Distribution concentration

;

Zone urbaine

;

Polychlorobiphényles

;

Composé aromatique

;

Chlore composé organique

;

Pollution air

;

Troposphère

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Contaminante organico persistente

;

Compuesto orgánico

;

Grandes Lagos América

;

America

;

America del norte

;

Estados Unidos

;

Lago Michigán

;

Ilinois

;

Inventario emisión

;

Lodo

;

Secado

;

Fuente polución

;

Emisión contaminante

;

Distribución viento

;

Condición meteorológica

;

Factor medio

;

Variación espacial

;

Distribución concentración

;

Zona urbana

;

Polichlorobifenilos

;

Compuesto aromático

;

Contaminación aire

;

Troposfera

;

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

Air emissions

;

Air sampling

;

Fluxes

;

PCBs

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 15565, 35400017372435.0030

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 20250081



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