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Titre du document / Document title

Mental Health and HIV Risk Among African American Adolescents : The Role of Parenting

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

TOLOU-SHAMS Marina (1) ; PAIKOFF Roberta (2) ; MCKIRNAN David J. (3) ; HOLMBECK Grayson N. (4) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Brown University Medical School/ Rhode Island Hospital, ETATS-UNIS
(2) University of Illinois at Chicago, Department of Psychiatry/Institute For Juvenile Research, ETATS-UNIS
(3) University of Illinois at Chicago, Department of Psychology, ETATS-UNIS
(4) Loyola University, Chicago, Department of Psychology, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

The family system is integral to adolescent mental health and HIV risk. However, few studies have addressed family variables and adolescent outcomes among African American families. This study tested a longitudinal model of parenting, adolescent mental health, and adolescent HIV risk, among a community sample of low-income, urban African American families from the Collaborative HIV prevention and Adolescent Mental Health Project (CHAMP). Consistent with general adolescent population data, we expected less parental monitoring, greater psychological control and less positive parenting to increase risk for adolescent depression and conduct problems. We hypothesized that these variables would in turn increase rates of HIV risk. We followed one hundred and thirty-four African American youth and their maternal caregivers as part of the CHAMP project. Study variables included: positive parenting, parental monitoring, psychological control, adolescent distress, conduct problems, and recent HIV risk. We examined the relationship among these variables via longitudinal path analysis. Age was strongly associated with increased adolescent HIV risk. Contrary to hypotheses, more parental psychological control was marginally associated with less HIV risk, while positive parenting was marginally associated with greater HIV risk. Adolescent depression was associated with more conduct problems, but unrelated to HIV risk. Thus, parenting practices generally considered negative might actually be protective among some lower SES African-American families. This underscores the importance of extending studies of family context and adolescent risk behaviors to diverse social and ethnic groups. Designing prevention programs for diverse groups will require articulating culturally specific effects for different parenting practice.

Revue / Journal Title

Social work in mental health    ISSN  1533-2985 

Source / Source

2007, vol. 5, no 1-2 (252 p.)  [Document : 32 p.] (6 p.), pp. 27-58 [32 page(s) (article)]

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Haworth Press, Binghamton, NY, ETATS-UNIS  (2002) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Social environment

;

Social interaction

;

Family environment

;

Immunopathology

;

Immune deficiency

;

Public health

;

Human

;

Virus

;

Retroviridae

;

Lentivirus

;

Infection

;

Viral disease

;

Adolescent

;

Risk factor

;

Psychopathology

;

Cultural environment

;

Urban environment

;

Follow up study

;

Parent child relation

;

Parental behavior

;

Ethnic group

;

African American

;

Human immunodeficiency virus

;

AIDS

;

Prevention

;

Sanitary program

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Environnement social

;

Interaction sociale

;

Milieu familial

;

Immunopathologie

;

Immunodéficit

;

Santé publique

;

Homme

;

Virus

;

Retroviridae

;

Lentivirus

;

Infection

;

Virose

;

Adolescent

;

Facteur risque

;

Psychopathologie

;

Milieu culturel

;

Milieu urbain

;

Etude longitudinale

;

Relation parent enfant

;

Comportement parental

;

Ethnie

;

Afro Américain

;

Virus immunodéficience humaine

;

SIDA

;

Prévention

;

Programme sanitaire

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Contexto social

;

Interacción social

;

Medio familiar

;

Inmunopatología

;

Inmunodeficiencia

;

Salud pública

;

Hombre

;

Virus

;

Retroviridae

;

Lentivirus

;

Infección

;

Virosis

;

Adolescente

;

Factor riesgo

;

Psicopatología

;

Contexto cultural

;

Medio urbano

;

Estudio longitudinal

;

Relación pariente niño

;

Conducta parental

;

Etnia

;

Afroamericano

;

Human immunodeficiency virus

;

SIDA

;

Prevención

;

Programa sanitario

;

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

Parental monitoring

;

positive parenting

;

adolescent distress

;

conduct problems

;

recent HIV risk

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 27875, 35400016195977.0020

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 20201406



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