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Titre du document / Document title

Does a higher educational level protect against anxiety and depression? The HUNT study

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

BJELLAND Ingvar (1) ; KROKSTAD Steinar (2) ; MYKLETUN Arnstein (3) ; DAHL Alv A. (4) ; TELL Grethe S. (5) ; TAMBS K. (6) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Clinic for Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services, Haukeland University Hospital, Jonas Lies vei 65, 5021 Bergen, NORVEGE
(2) Department of Community Medicine and General Practice, The Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, NORVEGE
(3) Faculty of Psychology, University of Bergen, Bergen, NORVEGE
(4) Department of Clinical Cancer Research, Rikshospitalet, University of Oslo, Division The Norwegian Radiumhospital, Oslo, NORVEGE
(5) Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, NORVEGE
(6) Division of Mental Health, The Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, NORVEGE

Résumé / Abstract

The relationship of education to the experience of anxiety and depression throughout adult life is unclear. Our knowledge of this relationship is limited and inconclusive. The aim of this study was to examine (I) whether higher educational level protects against anxiety and/or depression, (2) whether this protection accumulates or attenuates with age or time, and (3) whether such a relationship appears to be mediated by other variables. In a sample from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study 1995-1997 (HUNT 2) (N = 50,918) of adults, the cross-sectional associations between educational level and symptom levels of anxiety and depression were examined, stratified by age. The long-term effects of educational level on anxiety/depression were studied in a cohort followed up from HUNT 1 (1984-1986) to HUNT 2 (N = 33,774). Low educational levels were significantly associated with both anxiety and depression. The coefficients decreased with increasing age, except for the age group 65-74 years. In the longitudinal analysis, however, the protective effect of education accumulated somewhat with time. The discrepancy between these two analyses may be due to a cohort effect in the cross-sectional analysis. Among the mediators, somatic health exerted the strongest influence, followed by health behaviors and socio-demographic factors. Higher educational level seems to have a protective effect against anxiety and depression, which accumulates throughout life.

Revue / Journal Title

Social science & medicine    ISSN  0277-9536   CODEN SSMDEP 

Source / Source

2008, vol. 66, no6, pp. 1334-1345 [12 page(s) (article)] (3/4 p.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Elsevier, Kidlington, ROYAUME-UNI  (1982) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Mood disorder

;

Affect affectivity

;

Human

;

Europe

;

Social medicine

;

Mental health

;

Adult

;

Mediator

;

Public health

;

Cohort study

;

Norway

;

Anxiety disorder

;

Protection

;

Depression

;

Sociodemographic factor

;

Education level

;

Anxiety

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Trouble de l'humeur

;

Affect affectivité

;

Homme

;

Europe

;

Médecine sociale

;

Santé mentale

;

Adulte

;

Médiateur

;

Santé publique

;

Etude cohorte

;

Norvège

;

Trouble anxieux

;

Protection

;

Etat dépressif

;

Facteur sociodémographique

;

Niveau étude

;

Angoisse anxiété

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Trastorno humor

;

Afecto afectividad

;

Hombre

;

Europa

;

Medicina social

;

Salud mental

;

Adulto

;

Mediador

;

Salud pública

;

Estudio cohorte

;

Noruega

;

Trastorno ansiedad

;

Protección

;

Estado depresivo

;

Factor sociodemográfico

;

Nivel estudio

;

Angustia ansiedad

;

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

Norway

;

Cohort study

;

Educational level

;

Anxiety

;

Depression

;

Mediators

;

Adult

;

Mental health

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 13689, 35400017516999.0080

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 20140867



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