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Titre du document / Document title

The Association Between Depressive Symptoms, Substance Use, and HIV Risk Among Youth With an Arrest History

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

PROJECT SHIELD STUDY GROUP, ETATS-UNIS
TOLOU-SHAMS Marina (1) ; BROWN Larry K. (1) ; HOUCK Christopher (1) ; LESCANO Celia M. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Bradley Hasbro Children 's Research Center/The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, One Hoppin Street, Coro West, Suite 204, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Objective: Juvenile justice youth are at increased risk for contracting human immunodeficiency virus (HlV)/sexually transmitted infections because of higher rates of substance use and sexual risk-taking behaviors. However, little is known about the relationship between depressive symptoms, substance use, and HIV risk among youth who traditionally present with behavioral symptoms. Method: Adolescents and young adults (N = 835) who participated in a larger multisite HIV prevention program in three states provided baseline data on depressive symptoms, substance use, sexual risk, risk attitudes, and mental health history. Participants were grouped as arrestees and nonarrestees based on self-reported arrest history. This study examined differences between juvenile arrestees with depressive symptoms (n = 27) and those without depressive symptoms (n = 181) on various substance-use, sexual-risk, and mental health outcomes. Results: Arrestees who endorsed a clinically significant level of depressive symptoms reported significantly greater drug and alcohol use, greater substance use during sex, a lower proportion of condom use, and more psychiatric hospitalizations than arrestees without depressive symptoms. Conclusions: Greater depressive symptomatology among juvenile arrestees is associated with increased risk for substance use and HIV; however, these findings need to be replicated with a larger, more representative sample of juveniles with depressive symptoms. Understanding more about the association of depressive symptoms with drug behaviors and sexual risk among juvenile offenders, even at time of first arrest, is essential for creating successful substance use and HIV prevention interventions within the juvenile justice system.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs    ISSN  1937-1888 

Source / Source

2008, vol. 69, no1, pp. 58-64 [7 page(s) (article)] (3/4 p.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Rutgers, Piscataway, NJ, ETATS-UNIS  (2007) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Immunopathology

;

Immune deficiency

;

Mood disorder

;

Human

;

Virus

;

Retroviridae

;

Lentivirus

;

Infection

;

Viral disease

;

Arrest

;

Ethanol

;

Alcoholism

;

Antecedent

;

History

;

Legal aspect

;

Prisoner

;

Carceral environment

;

Adolescent

;

Risk

;

Risk factor

;

Substance abuse

;

Human immunodeficiency virus

;

AIDS

;

Drug addiction

;

Symptomatology

;

Association

;

Depression

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Immunopathologie

;

Immunodéficit

;

Trouble de l'humeur

;

Homme

;

Virus

;

Retroviridae

;

Lentivirus

;

Infection

;

Virose

;

Arrestation

;

Alcoologie

;

Ethanol

;

Alcoolisme

;

Antécédent

;

Histoire

;

Aspect juridique

;

Prisonnier

;

Milieu carcéral

;

Adolescent

;

Risque

;

Facteur risque

;

Abus de substance

;

Virus immunodéficience humaine

;

SIDA

;

Toxicomanie

;

Symptomatologie

;

Association

;

Etat dépressif

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Inmunopatología

;

Inmunodeficiencia

;

Trastorno humor

;

Hombre

;

Virus

;

Retroviridae

;

Lentivirus

;

Infección

;

Virosis

;

Etanol

;

Alcoholismo

;

Antecedente

;

Historia

;

Aspecto jurídico

;

Preso

;

Medio carcelario

;

Adolescente

;

Riesgo

;

Factor riesgo

;

Abuso de sustancias

;

Human immunodeficiency virus

;

SIDA

;

Toxicomanía

;

Sintomatología

;

Asociación

;

Estado depresivo

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 3030 A, 35400018352428.0070

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 20062779



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