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Titre du document / Document title

DALIT FEMINISM : A PERSPECTIVE ON BAMA'S SANGATI

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

LIKHARI Tanvir (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) English, S.R. Govt. College for Women, Amritsar, INDE

Résumé / Abstract

Dalit feminism has been described as a "discourse of discontent," "a politics of difference" from mainstream Indian feminism, which has been critiqued for marginalising Dalit women. Dalit feminist discourse not only questions Indian feminism's hegemony in claiming to speak for all women, but also the hegemony of Dalit men to speak on behalf of Dalit women. In such a scenario, Dalit women like Bama themselves taking the pen to articulate and record their experiences of hurt and humiliation subverts centuries old historical neglect (by the elitist nationalist discourse) and a stubborn refusal to be considered as a subject. Sangati is a record of their experiences of the joint oppression of caste and gender faced by multiple Dalit women; is in a sense an autobiography of a community. It analyses Dalits women's oppression as a triple jeopardy of oppression by double patriarchies - "discreet" patriarchy of their own caste and an "overlapping" patriarchy of the upper caste - as well as poverty. "Discreet" patriarchy dictates that power rests with men in the community and in the institutions led by them - the caste courts, the Church, the panchayats. The text traces an account of the aggressive exploitation of Dalit women in terms of doubleday labour, domestic violence, priests in the Church, upper caste landlords and their own ignorance and suggests remedies. Bama locates male violence unleashed by their caste men in their own sense of powerlessness vis-a-vis upper castes. Exploitation, threat of rape by the upper castes is analysed in terms of values of "overlapping" patriarchy which maintains a strong sense of gendered spaces and sees the habitual visibility of Dalit women which they inhabit as sites of work as a sign of their availability and inscribes them as lustful women who sexuality cannot be controlled by the Dalit men. Bama foregrounds the "difference" of Dalit women from privileged upper caste women and also celebrates their "identity" in their strength, labour and resilience. As a feminist writer Bama protests against all forms of oppression and relying on the strength and resilience of Dalit women, makes an appeal for change and self empowerment through education and collective action.

Revue / Journal Title

Guru Nanak Journal of Sociology    ISSN  0970-0242 

Source / Source

2007, vol. 28, no1-2, pp. 143-164 [22 page(s) (article)] (1 p.3/4)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, INDE  (1980) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Caste

;

Male domination

;

India

;

Feminism

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Caste

;

Domination masculine

;

Inde

;

Féminisme

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 22374, 35400018343765.0100

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 20038243



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