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Titre du document / Document title

The influence of operator-controlled variables on spray drift from field crop sprayers

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

NUYTTENS D. (1) ; DE SCHAMPHELEIRE M. (2) ; BAETENS K. (3) ; SONCK B. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Agricultural Engineering Research Area, Technology and Food Unit, Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research (ILVO), Merelbeke, BELGIQUE
(2) Department of Crop Protection, University Ghent, Ghent, BELGIQUE
(3) Department of Biosystems, Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven, BELGIQUE

Résumé / Abstract

Spray drift can be defined as the quantity of plant protection product that is carried out of the sprayed area by the action of air currents during the application process. This continues to be a major problem in applying agricultural pesticides. The purpose of this research is to measure the amount of sedimenting drift from a horizontal boom sprayer for different (drift reducing) spray application techniques under field conditions and to compare the results with the results from a reference spray, taking into account variations in meteorological conditions during the field drift experiments. Field drift measurements were performed for several combinations of nozzle type (standard flat-fan, low-drift, air inclusion) and size (ISO 02, 03, 04, and 06), spray pressure (2.0, 3.0, and 4.0 bar), driving speed (4, 6, 8, and 10 km h-1), and spray boom height (0.3, 0.5, and 0.75 m ) according to ISO 22866 by sampling in a defined downwind area at 24 different positions using horizontal drift collectors. The reference spray was defined as a standard horizontal spray boom without air support, a spray boom height of 0.50 m, a nozzle distance of 0.50 m, ISO 110 03 standard flat-fan nozzles at 3.0 bar (1.2 L min-1), and a driving speed of 8 km h-1, resulting in an application rate of approximately 180 L ha-1. Nozzle type as well as spray pressure, driving speed, and spray boom height, have an important effect on the amount of spray drift. Larger nozzle sizes, lower spray pressures and driving speeds, and lower spray boom heights generally reduce spray drift. Concerning nozzle types, air inclusion nozzles have the highest drift reduction potential, followed by the low-drift nozzles and the standard flat-fan nozzles. Drift results are closely linked with droplet size characteristics of the sprays.

Revue / Journal Title

Transactions of the ASABE    ISSN  2151-0032 

Source / Source

2007, vol. 50, no4, pp. 1129-1140 [12 page(s) (article)] (1 p.1/4)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St. Joseph, MI, ETATS-UNIS  (2006) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Experimental study

;

Bioengineering

;

Technique

;

Reference

;

Type

;

Nozzle

;

Field study

;

Field experiment

;

Speed

;

Height

;

Sprayer

;

Field crop

;

Spraying

;

Operator

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Etude expérimentale

;

Génie biologique

;

Technique

;

Référence

;

Type

;

Buse

;

Etude sur terrain

;

Essai en champ

;

Vitesse déplacement

;

Hauteur

;

Pulvérisateur

;

Culture plein champ

;

Pulvérisation

;

Opérateur

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Estudio experimental

;

Bioingeniería

;

Técnica

;

Referencia

;

Tipo

;

Tubo

;

Estudio en campo

;

Ensayo en campo

;

Velocidad desplazamiento

;

Altura

;

Pulverizador

;

Cultivo campo raso

;

Pulverización

;

Operador

;

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

Boom height

;

Driving speed

;

Field experiments

;

Meteorological conditions

;

Nozzle type and size

;

Reference spray

;

Spray application technique

;

Spray drift

;

Spray pressure

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 2869, 35400016085715.0040

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 19082629



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