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Titre du document / Document title

A comparison of cognitive load associated with discovery learning and worked examples

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

TUOVINEN J. E. (1) ; SWELLER J. (2) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Charles Sturt University
(2) University of New South Wales, AUSTRALIE

Résumé / Abstract

This article reports experimental work comparing exploration and worked-examples practice in learning to use a database program. Exploration practice is based on discovery learning principles, whereas worked-examples practice arose from the development of cognitive load theory. Exploration practice was expected to place a considerable load on working memory, whereas a heavy use of worked examples was hypothesized to lead to more effective processing by reducing extraneous mental load. Students with no previous domain familiarity with databases were found to substantially benefit from worked examples in comparison to exploration. However, if students had previous familiarity with the database domain, the type of practice made no significant difference to their learning because the exploration students were able to draw on existing, well-developed domain schemas to guide their exploration.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of educational psychology    ISSN  0022-0663   CODEN JLEPA5 

Source / Source

1999, vol. 91, no2, pp. 334-341 (1 p.1/4)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, ETATS-UNIS  (1910) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Experimental study

;

Learning

;

Use

;

Computer program

;

Database

;

Mental load

;

Working memory

;

Cognition

;

Human

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Etude expérimentale

;

Apprentissage

;

Utilisation

;

Programme ordinateur

;

Base donnée

;

Charge mentale

;

Mémoire travail

;

Cognition

;

Homme

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Estudio experimental

;

Aprendizaje

;

Utilización

;

Programa computador

;

Base dato

;

Carga mental

;

Memoria trabajo

;

Cognición

;

Hombre

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 3205, 35400008925241.0140

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 1862572



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