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Titre du document / Document title

The direct economic costs of insomnia in the United States for 1995

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

WALSH J. K. (1 2) ; ENGELHARDT C. L. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Unity Sleep Medicine and Research Center, St. Luke's Hospital, ETATS-UNIS
(2) Department of Psychiatry, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Study Objectives: To assess the direct economic costs of insomnia in the United States in 1995. Methods: The costs of prescription medications were based on 1995 data compiled by IMS America, Ltd. (Plymouth Meeting, PA). Non-prescription medication expenditures were provided by Information Resources, Inc. (Chicago, IL). The costs of physician visits related to insomnia were estimated from unpublished data of the 1994 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics and from the America Medical Association Center for Health Policy Research. Several other sources were used for other cost estimates. Results: Total cost for substances used to treat insomnia was $1.97 billion, less than half of which was for prescription medication. Health care services for insomnia totaled $11.96 billion, 91% of which is attributable to nursing home care. The total direct costs in the United States for insomnia in 1995 were estimated to be $13.9 billion. Conclusions: Increased efforts are needed in several domains to offset the cost of insomnia including clinical research on the consequences of untreated and treated insomnia, development and implementation of curricula to provide knowledge about sleep and sleep disorders for medical students, physicians, and other health professionals, education to increase public awareness of insomnia and sleep disorders, and more support for basic research on neural mechanisms involved in healthv and disordered sleep.

Revue / Journal Title

Sleep    ISSN  0161-8105   CODEN SLEED6 

Source / Source

1999, vol. 22, SUP2 (70 p.)  (53 ref.), pp. S386-S393

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

American Academy of Sleep Medicine, Darien, IL, ETATS-UNIS  (1978) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Insomnia

;

United States

;

Health service

;

Health economy

;

Sedative

;

Hypnotic

;

Tranquillizer

;

Human

;

North America

;

America

;

Sleep disorder

;

Public health

;

Psychotropic

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Insomnie

;

Etats Unis

;

Service santé

;

Economie santé

;

Sédatif

;

Hypnotique

;

Tranquillisant

;

Homme

;

Amérique du Nord

;

Amérique

;

Trouble sommeil

;

Santé publique

;

Psychotrope

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Insomnio

;

Estados Unidos

;

Servicio sanidad

;

Economía salud

;

Sedante

;

Hipnótico

;

Tranquilizante

;

Hombre

;

America del norte

;

America

;

Trastorno sueño

;

Salud pública

;

Psicotropo

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 18084, 35400008549157.0070

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 1856482



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