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Titre du document / Document title

High hydrogen yield from a two-step process of dark-and photo-fermentation of sucrose

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

YONGZHEN TAO (1 2) ; YANG CHEN (1) ; YONGQIANG WU (1) ; YANLING HE (2) ; ZHIHUA ZHOU (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 300 Fenglin Rd, Shanghai 200032, CHINE
(2) School of Life Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xianning Rd, Xi'an 710049, CHINE

Résumé / Abstract

We demonstrate a two-step process used to increase the hydrogen yield from sucrose and to relieve the pollution threat caused by resultant fatty acids in dark-fermentation. In batch tests of dark-fermentation using microflora, the maximum hydrogen production rate was > 360 mL H2/L h and the maximum hydrogen yield was 3.67 mol H2/mol sucrose. The fatty acids produced in dark-fermentation were mainly butyrate and acetate with a small amount of propionate, valerate, n-butyl alcohol, and caproate. Photo-fermentation with Rhodobacter sphaeroides SH2C was then employed to convert these small molecular fatty acids into hydrogen. The total hydrogen yield from sucrose increased from the maximum of 3.67 mol H2/mol sucrose in dark-fermentation to 6.63 mol H2/mol sucrose by using the two-step process. No butyrate, acetate, propionate, or valerate was detected in the final fermentation effluent after photo-fermentation. Our results suggest that a two-step process of combining dark- and photo-fermentation may increase hydrogen production capacity from biomass and prevent the environmental problems associated with untreated fermentation effluents.

Revue / Journal Title

International journal of hydrogen energy    ISSN  0360-3199   CODEN IJHEDX 

Source / Source

2007, vol. 32, no2, pp. 200-206 [7 page(s) (article)] (27 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Elsevier, Kidlington, ROYAUME-UNI  (1976) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Bacteria

;

Rhodospirillales

;

Rhodospirillineae

;

Rhodospirillaceae

;

Yield

;

Biomass

;

Rhodobacter sphaeroides

;

Hydrogen production

;

Sucrose

;

Fermentation

;

Biotechnology

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Bactérie

;

Rhodospirillales

;

Rhodospirillineae

;

Rhodospirillaceae

;

Rendement

;

Biomasse

;

Rhodobacter sphaeroides

;

Production hydrogène

;

Saccharose

;

Fermentation

;

Biotechnologie

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Bacteria

;

Rhodospirillales

;

Rhodospirillineae

;

Rhodospirillaceae

;

Rendimiento

;

Biomasa

;

Rhodobacter sphaeroides

;

Sacarosa

;

Fermentación

;

Biotecnología

;

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

Dark-fermentation

;

Hydrogen yield

;

Heterotrophic anaerobic microflora

;

Photo-fermentation

;

Rhodobacter sphaeroides

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 17522, 35400014538939.0060

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 18477081



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