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Titre du document / Document title

Examining the origins of gender differences in marital quality : A behavior genetic analysis

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

SPOTTS Erica L. (1) ; PRESCOTT Carol (2) ; KENDLER Kenneth (3) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) George Washington University, ETATS-UNIS
(2) University of Southern California, ETATS-UNIS
(3) Virginia Commonwealth University, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Numerous researchers have examined gender differences in marital quality, with mixed results. In this study, the authors further this investigation by looking for genetic and environmental sources of variation in marital quality. The 1st aim of the study was to replicate previous findings of genetic and nonshared environmental influences on marital quality. The 2nd was to explore the etiology of gender differences in marital quality. The Virginia Adult Twin Study of Psychiatric and Substance Use Disorders sample of twin men and twin women was used. Genetic and nonshared environmental factors were again found to influence marital quality. Findings also suggest small differences between men and women in the levels of genetic and environmental influence on variance in marital quality. The men's reports of marital warmth and conflict were influenced by the same genetic factors, but women's reports of marital warmth and conflict were influenced by different genetic factors. Results are discussed in the context of previous research on social support and implications for future studies of the etiology of marital quality.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of family psychology    ISSN  0893-3200 

Source / Source

2006, vol. 20, no4, pp. 605-613 [9 page(s) (article)] (1 p.1/4)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, ETATS-UNIS  (1987) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Social interaction

;

Human

;

Quality

;

Etiology

;

Genetics

;

Behavioral analysis

;

Marital relation

;

Sex

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Interaction sociale

;

Homme

;

Qualité

;

Etiologie

;

Génétique

;

Analyse comportementale

;

Relation conjugale

;

Sexe

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Interacción social

;

Hombre

;

Calidad

;

Etiología

;

Genética

;

Análisis conductual

;

Relación conyugal

;

Sexo

;

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

marital quality

;

gender differences

;

genetics

;

nonshared environment

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 21675, 35400014511449.0090

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 18353720



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