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Titre du document / Document title

Therapeutic abortion in Islam : contemporary views of Muslim Shiite scholars and effect of recent iranian legislation

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

HEDAYAT K. M. ; SHOOSHTARIZADEH P. ; RAZA M. ;

Résumé / Abstract

Abortion is forbidden under normal circumstances by nearly all the major world religions. Traditionally, abortion was not deemed permissible by Muslim scholars. Shiite scholars considered it forbidden after implantation of the fertilised ovum. However, Sunni scholars have held various opinions on the matter, but all agreed that after 4 months gestation abortion was not permitted. In addition, classical Islamic scholarship had only considered threats to maternal health as a reason for therapeutic abortion. Recently, scholars have begun to consider the effect of severe fetal deformities on the mother, the families and society. This has led some scholars to reconsider the prohibition on abortion in limited circumstances. This article reviews the Islamic basis for the prohibition of abortion and the reasons for its justification. Contemporary rulings from leading Shiite scholars and from the Sunni school of thought are presented and reviewed. The status of abortion in Muslim countries is reviewed, with special emphasis on the therapeutic abortion law passed by the Iranian Parliament in 2003. This law approved therapeutic abortion before 16 weeks of gestation under limited circumstances, including medical conditions related to fetal and maternal health. Recent measures in Iran provide an opportunity for the Muslim scholars in other countries to review their traditional stance on abortion.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of medical ethics    ISSN  0306-6800 

Source / Source

2006, vol. 32, no11, pp. 652-657 [6 page(s) (article)]

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

BMJ, London, ROYAUME-UNI  (1975) (Revue)

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 17183, 35400014303243.0070

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 18238961



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