RefDoc
Haut

Faire une nouvelle recherche
Make a new search
Lancer la recherche


Titre du document / Document title

The influence of voice volume, pitch, and speech rate on progressive relaxation training : Application of methods from speech pathology and audiology

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

KNOWLTON Glenn E. (1 2) ; LARKIN Kevin T. (2) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Department of Psychology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, ETATS-UNIS
(2) Department of Psychology, West Virginia University, PO Box 6040, Morgantown. WV 26506-6040, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Vocal characteristics of therapists, including voice volume, pitch and timbre of speech, and rate of speech have been hypothesized to facilitate the therapeutic process, particularly during procedures like progressive relaxation training (PRT). Very little empirical work, however, has examined the relation between vocal characteristics and treatment process or outcome. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of vocal characteristics during a single session of PRT applying technological innovations devised for speech pathology and audiology settings for evaluating therapist's vocal characteristics. Forty-eight high anxious young adult women were randomly assigned to one of four conditions for training: PRT with the recommended therapist voice (RV) that decreased in tone, volume, and rate across the session, PRT with conversational therapist voice during the session (CV), a credible treatment control called systematic self-relaxation (SR), or no treatment control (NT). All subjects participated in a single PRT session during which heart rate, EMG, self-report measures of tension (SRT) and anxiety, and treatment credibility ratings were obtained. Results revealed significant reductions in SRT, self-reported anxiety, and heart rate for participants in all groups. Only the RV group displayed significant reductions in EMG when compared with the other three groups. Participants in the RV group also rated the therapist's voice as "more facilitating" of relaxation when compared to the CV group. These results suggest that methods employed for evaluating the quality of vocal characteristics in speech and audiology clinics may be useful for evaluating the quality of therapist's voice when conducting PRT.

Revue / Journal Title

Applied psychophysiology and biofeedback    ISSN  1090-0586   CODEN APSBFZ 

Source / Source

2006, vol. 31, no2, pp. 173-185 [13 page(s) (article)] (23 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Springer, Heidelberg, ALLEMAGNE  (1997) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Electrophysiology

;

Human

;

Treatment

;

Striated muscle

;

Electromyography

;

Physical training

;

Relaxation

;

Rhythm

;

Language

;

Speech

;

Hearing

;

Pitch(acoustics)

;

Voice

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Electrophysiologie

;

Homme

;

Traitement

;

Muscle strié

;

Electromyographie

;

Entraînement physique

;

Relaxation

;

Rythme

;

Langage

;

Parole

;

Audition

;

Tonie

;

Voix

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Electrofisiología

;

Hombre

;

Tratamiento

;

Músculo estriado

;

Electromiografía

;

Entrenamiento físico

;

Relajación

;

Ritmo

;

Lenguaje

;

Habla

;

Audición

;

Altura sonida

;

Voz

;

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

progressive relaxation training

;

speech pathology and audiology

;

vocal characteristics

;

electromyography

;

muscle tension

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 16909, 35400015722631.0070

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 18156541



Faire une nouvelle recherche
Make a new search
Lancer la recherche
Bas