RefDoc
Haut

Faire une nouvelle recherche
Make a new search
Lancer la recherche


Titre du document / Document title

The role of the extrapersonal brain systems in religious activity

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

PREVIC Fred H. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Northrop Grumman Information Technology, 4241 Woodcock Dr. Ste B100, P.O. Box 29731, San Antonio, TX 78229, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

The neuropsychology of religious activity in normal and selected clinical populations is reviewed. Religious activity includes beliefs, experiences, and practice. Neuropsychological and functional imaging findings, many of which have derived from studies of experienced meditators, point to a ventral cortical axis for religious behavior, involving primarily the ventromedial temporal and frontal regions. Neuropharmacological studies generally point to dopaminergic activation as the leading neurochemical feature associated with religious activity. The ventral dopaminergic pathways involved in religious behavior most closely align with the action-extrapersonal system in the model of 3-D perceptual-motor interactions proposed by Previc (1998). These pathways are biased toward distant (especially upper) space and also mediate related extrapersonally dominated brain functions such as dreaming and hallucinations. Hyperreligiosity is a major feature of mania, obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, temporal-lobe epilepsy and related disorders, in which the ventromedial dopaminergic systems are highly activated and exaggerated attentional or goal-directed behavior toward extrapersonal space occurs. The evolution of religion is linked to an expansion of dopaminergic systems in humans, brought about by changes in diet and other physiological influences.

Revue / Journal Title

Consciousness and cognition    ISSN  1053-8100 

Source / Source

2006, vol. 15, no3, pp. 500-539 [40 page(s) (article)] (11 p.1/4)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Elsevier, Amsterdam, PAYS-BAS  (1992) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Neurotransmitter

;

Catecholamine

;

Central nervous system

;

Ventromedial cortex

;

Left hemisphere

;

Human

;

Cognition

;

Dream

;

Cerebral hemisphere

;

Hallucination

;

Dopamine

;

Religion

;

Encephalon

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Neurotransmetteur

;

Catécholamine

;

Système nerveux central

;

Cortex ventromédian

;

Hémisphère gauche

;

Espace extrapersonnel

;

Homme

;

Cognition

;

Rêve

;

Hémisphère cérébral

;

Hallucination

;

Dopamine

;

Religion

;

Encéphale

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Neurotransmisor

;

Catecolamina

;

Sistema nervioso central

;

Corteza ventromedial

;

Hombre

;

Cognición

;

Sueño

;

Hemisferio cerebral

;

Alucinación

;

Dopamina

;

Religión

;

Encéfalo

;

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

Religion

;

Brain

;

Dopamine

;

Ventromedial cortical

;

Extrapersonal space

;

Hallucinations

;

Dreaming

;

Left hemisphere

;

Clinical disorders

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 22612, 35400013350989.0020

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 18045085



Faire une nouvelle recherche
Make a new search
Lancer la recherche
Bas