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Titre du document / Document title

Effects of alcohol on group formation among male social drinkers

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

KIRCHNER Thomas R. (1) ; SAYETTE Michael A. (1) ; COHN Jeffrey F. (1) ; MORELAND Richard L. (1) ; LEVINE John M. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, 3137 7 Sennott Square, 210 South Bouquet Street, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Objective: Social factors affect alcohol use and misuse, yet researchers rarely study the acute effects of alcohol in groups. This study used systematic observation techniques to measure the effects of alcohol on behavioral responses during an initial group interaction. Method: Fifty-four male social drinkers were assembled into three-person groups of strangers, and all members of each group were administered either a 0.82 g/kg dose of alcohol or a placebo to be consumed during a 30-minute period. This social interaction was video recorded, and the duration and sequence of selected smiling and speech behaviors were coded on a 1-second time base. Results: Alcohol consumption increased individual- and group-level coordination of smiling and speech behaviors over time and improved self-reported bonding. Conclusions: These data suggest that alcohol may facilitate social bonding during initial group formation. Measuring behavioral responses in a social context provides new directions for studying the acute effects of alcohol.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of studies on alcohol    ISSN  0096-882X   CODEN JSALDP 

Source / Source

2006, vol. 67, no5, pp. 785-793 [9 page(s) (article)] (1 p.1/4)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Rutgers University, Alcohol Research Documentation, Piscataway, NJ, ETATS-UNIS  (1975-2006) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Alcoholism

;

Toxicology

;

Human

;

Male

;

Formation

;

Social group

;

Alcoholic beverage

;

Ethanol

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Alcoologie

;

Alcoolisme

;

Toxicologie

;

Homme

;

Mâle

;

Formation

;

Groupe social

;

Boisson alcoolisée

;

Ethanol

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Alcoholismo

;

Toxicología

;

Hombre

;

Macho

;

Formación

;

Grupo social

;

Bebida alcohólica

;

Etanol

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 3030 A, 35400013339396.0180

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 17997608



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