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Titre du document / Document title

Evolving ideals of male body image as seen through action toys

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

POPE H. G. (1 2) ; OLIVARDIA R. (1 3) ; GRUBER A. (1 2) ; BOROWIECKI J. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Biological Psychiatry Laboratory, McLean Hospital, Belmont, Massachusetts, ETATS-UNIS
(2) Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, ETATS-UNIS
(3) University of Massachusetts, Boston, Massachusetts, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Objective: We hypothesized that the physiques of male action toys - small plastic figures used by children in play - would provide some index of evolving American cultural ideals of male body image. Method: We obtained examples of the most popular American action toys manufactured over the last 30 years. We then measured the waist, chest, and bicep circumference of each figure and scaled these measurements using classical allometry to the height of an actual man (1.78 m). Results: We found that the figures have grown much more muscular over time, with many contemporary figures far exceeding the muscularity of even the largest human bodybuilders. Discussion: Our observations appear to represent a male analog of earlier studies examining female dolls, such as Barbie. Together, these studies of children's toys suggest that cultural expectations may contribute to body image disorders in both sexes.

Revue / Journal Title

The International journal of eating disorders    ISSN  0276-3478   CODEN INDIDJ 

Source / Source

1999, vol. 26, no1, pp. 65-72 (27 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Wiley, Hoboken, NJ, ETATS-UNIS  (1981) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Body image

;

Satisfaction

;

Attitude

;

Toy

;

Cultural environment

;

Social environment

;

United States

;

Risk factor

;

Eating disorder

;

Human

;

Male

;

North America

;

America

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Image corporelle

;

Satisfaction

;

Attitude

;

Jouet

;

Milieu culturel

;

Environnement social

;

Etats Unis

;

Facteur risque

;

Trouble comportement alimentaire

;

Homme

;

Mâle

;

Amérique du Nord

;

Amérique

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Imagen corporal

;

Satisfacción

;

Actitud

;

Juguete

;

Medio cultural

;

Medio ambiente social

;

Estados Unidos

;

Factor riesgo

;

Trastorno conducta alimentaria

;

Hombre

;

Macho

;

America del norte

;

America

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 20136, 35400008462807.0080

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 1793649



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