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Titre du document / Document title

L'écho de l'Education nouvelle au sein de l'Ecole Ferrer lausannoise (1910-1921) = The influence of the New Education movement in the Ecole Ferrer (1910-1921)

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

HEIMBERG Charles (1 2) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) IFMES, 16, av. du Bouchet, 1209 Genève, SUISSE
(2) Université de Genève, FAPSE Uni-Pignon, 42, bd du Pont-d'Arve, 1205 Genève, SUISSE

Résumé / Abstract

A little private school, libertarian and alternative, existed in Lausanne for about 10 years (1910-1919). It was named after Francisco Ferrer, the Catalan educationist, free-thinker and freemason, who was executed after the 'deadly week'in Barcelona in 1909. One of the school's main organizers was the libertarian physician Jean Wintsch. The enterprise was undertaken within a more general movement of libertarian schools, and was related broadly to the New Education movement. However, it was distinguished by its emphasis on its working character. Investment by militants in educational matters enabled them to keep alive their effective hopes for social changes. It also enabled them to expose how l'Etat bourgeois took over educational affairs. An educational report was published at the time to expose the progressive experience and to defend it against attacks from official circles. In these texts, one can find more talk about projects and intentions than effective implementations. The main actors' state of mind is clear though. Among the most interesting educationist principles that were expressed in the Ferrer school report is the idea that the strength of educational renovation lies in the people and that school content must address its specific understanding. Pupils had to be able to proceed by trial and error, to exercise, and to discover for themselves how to break away. Organizers of this little school in Lausanne then sought to fire pupils' imagination without imposing any ready-made truths. These alternative educational practices also concerned the question of discipline. In the Ferrer school, children were not punished but were trusted. Priority was given to mutual aid methods within coeducation rather than all forms of authoritarianism. These options were discussed and required justifications that were regularly quoted in the published texts. Although the effective educational implementations of the Lausanne experience were very modest, it is striking to establish to what extent some educational options asserted at that time are still of current interest at the beginning of the twenty-first century.

Revue / Journal Title

Paedagogica historica    ISSN  0030-9230 

Source / Source

Congrès
International Standing Conference for the History of Education No26, Genève , SUISSE (14/07/2004)
2006, vol. 42, no 1-2 [Document : 13 p.], pp. 49-61 [13 page(s) (article)]

Langue / Language

Français

Editeur / Publisher

Routledge, Colchester, ROYAUME-UNI  (1961) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Authoritarianism

;

Century 20

;

Experimental School

;

Educational history

;

Progressive education

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Autoritarisme

;

Siècle 20

;

Ecole expérimentale

;

Histoire de l'éducation

;

Education nouvelle

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 24306, 35400015299168.0020

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 17742969



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