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Titre du document / Document title

Intelligent dental identification system (IDIS) in forensic medicine

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

CHOMDEJ T. (1) ; PANKAOW W. (1) ; CHOYCHUMROON S. (2) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Department of Computer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, THAILANDE
(2) Deputy Commander General Staff Division, Office of Surgeon General, Royal Thai Police, Bangkok 10330, THAILANDE

Résumé / Abstract

This study reports the design and development of the intelligent dental identification system (IDIS), including its efficiency and reliability. Five hundred patients were randomly selected from the Dental Department at Police General Hospital in Thailand to create a population of 3000 known subjects. From the original 500 patients, 100 were randomly selected to create a sample of 1000 unidentifiable subjects (400 subjects with completeness and possible alterations of dental information corresponding to natural occurrences and general dental treatments after the last clinical examination, such as missing teeth, dental caries, dental restorations, and dental prosthetics, 100 subjects with completeness and no alteration of dental information, 500 subjects with incompleteness and no alteration of dental information). Attempts were made to identify the unknown subjects utilizing IDIS. The use of IDIS advanced method resulted in consistent outstanding identification in the range of 82.61-100% with minimal error 0-1.19%. The results of this study indicate that IDIS can be used to support dental identification. It supports not only all types of dentitions: primary, mixed, and permanent but also for incomplete and altered dental information. IDIS is particularly useful in providing the huge quantity and redundancy of related documentation associated with forensic odontology. As a computerized system, IDIS can reduce the time required for identification and store dental digital images with many processing features. Furthermore, IDIS establishes enhancements of documental dental record with odontogram and identification codes, electrical dental record with dental database system, and identification methods and algorithms. IDIS was conceptualized based on the guidelines and standards of the American Board of Forensic Odontology (ABFO) and International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL).

Revue / Journal Title

Forensic science international    ISSN  0379-0738   CODEN FSINDR 

Source / Source

2006, vol. 158, no1, pp. 27-38 [12 page(s) (article)] (37 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Elsevier, Kidlington, ROYAUME-UNI  (1978) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Forensic science

;

Forensic aspect

;

Forensic odontology

;

Computerization

;

Human

;

Legal medicine

;

Identification

;

Tooth

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Police scientifique

;

Aspect médicolégal

;

Odontologie légale

;

Informatisation

;

Homme

;

Médecine légale

;

Identification

;

Dent

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Ciencia forense

;

Aspecto forense

;

Medicina dentária forense.

;

Informatización

;

Hombre

;

Medicina legal

;

Identificación

;

Diente

;

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

Dental identification

;

Human identification

;

Computerized system

;

Forensic odontology

;

Dental record

;

Odontogram

;

IDIS

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 15440, 35400014284484.0040

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 17619515



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