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Titre du document / Document title

Characterization of pilocarpine-loaded chitosan/Carbopol nanoparticles

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

KAO Huei-Jen ; LIN Hong-Ru ; LO Yu-Li ; YU Shi-Ping ;

Résumé / Abstract

Patients using ophthalmic drops are faced with frequent dosing schedules and difficult drop instillation. Therefore, a long-lasting pilocarpine-loaded chitosan (CS)/Carbopol nanoparticle ophthalmic formulation was developed. The physicochemical properties of the prepared nanoparticles were investigated using dynamic light scattering, zeta-potential, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared ray spectroscopy (FT-IR) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The sustained-release effects of pilocarpine-loaded nanoparticles were evaluated using in-vitro release and in-vivo miotic tests, and compared with pilocarpine in solution, gel and liposomes. We found that the prepared nanoparticles were about 294 nm in size. DSC and FT-IR studies suggested that an electrostatic interaction between CS and Carbopol contributes at least in part to the stabilization of pilocarpine/CS/Carbopol nanoparticles. When compared with pilocarpine in solution, gel or liposomes, the best slow-release profile of pilocarpine from the prepared nanoparticles occurred in a dissolution test. In the in-vivo miotic study, pilocarpine-loaded CS/Carbopol nanoparticles showed the most significant long-lasting decrease in the pupil diameter of rabbits. The advantages of CS and Carbopol are good biocompatibility, biodegradability and low toxicity. CS is also a mucoadhesive polymer. Thus, pilocarpine/CS/Carbopol nanoparticles may provide an excellent potential alternative ophthalmic sustained-release formulation of pilocarpine for clinical use. CS/Carbopol nanoparticles may also be useful for a variety of other therapeutic delivery systems.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology    ISSN  0022-3573   CODEN JPPMAB 

Source / Source

2006, vol. 58, no2, pp. 179-186 [8 page(s) (article)]

Langue / Language


Editeur / Publisher

Wiley, Chichester, ROYAUME-UNI  (1949) (Revue)

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 984, 35400013532529.0040

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 17475874

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