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Titre du document / Document title

Toward a "new" paradigm of therapeutic action : Neuro-psychoanalysis and downward causation

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

WHITEHEAD Clay C. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) University of North Carolina, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Freud's metapsychological assumption, which split the mind from the brain, is increasingly recognized as limiting the growth of psychoanalysis and its integration with other fields, including psychiatry. The dual-aspect monist position, sometimes used to rationalize the mind/body split, is seen to contain a mereological (category) error, which can be avoided by the introduction of the paradigm of psychodynamic science, and by the use of a nondualistic, symbiotic mind/brain formulation, well justified by the study of cultural and organic evolution. Therapeutic action may now be seen as a special case of development that occurs within the interactional context of cultural evolution, personal history, and the genome. Human evolution is increasingly dominated by culture operating on the mind/brain through downward causation. This concept refers to the influence of higher organizational entities (e.g., mind) upon lower ones (e.g., brain). Although little recognized, downward causation is tacitly assumed in psychotherapeutic interventions, and is illustrated in recent fMRI studies. The clinical integration of the downward causation concept links therapeutic action to the power of cultural evolution, and facilitates reunion with traditional science.

Revue / Journal Title

The Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry    ISSN  1546-0371 

Source / Source

2005, vol. 33, no4, pp. 637-656 [20 page(s) (article)] (2 p.½)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Guilford, New York, NY, ETATS-UNIS  (2003-2011) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Social environment

;

Central nervous system

;

Encephalon

;

Metabolism

;

Medical imagery

;

Human

;

Psychoanalysis

;

Cognition

;

Neuropsychologia

;

Cultural environment

;

Psychosocial factor

;

Functional imaging

;

Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging

;

Biological evolution

;

Comparative study

;

Therapeutic process

;

Mechanism of action

;

Interdisciplinary field

;

Conceptualization

;

Psychoanalytic cure

;

Treatment

;

Mental disorder

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Environnement social

;

Système nerveux central

;

Encéphale

;

Métabolisme

;

Imagerie médicale

;

Homme

;

Psychanalyse

;

Cognition

;

Neuropsychologie

;

Milieu culturel

;

Facteur psychosocial

;

Imagerie fonctionnelle

;

Imagerie RMN

;

Evolution biologique

;

Etude comparative

;

Processus thérapeutique

;

Mécanisme action

;

Interdisciplinaire

;

Conceptualisation

;

Cure psychanalytique

;

Traitement

;

Trouble psychiatrique

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Contexto social

;

Sistema nervioso central

;

Encéfalo

;

Metabolismo

;

Imaginería médica

;

Hombre

;

Psicoanálisis

;

Cognición

;

Neurosicología

;

Contexto cultural

;

Factor sicosocial

;

Imaginería funcional

;

Imaginería RMN

;

Evolución biológica

;

Estudio comparativo

;

Proceso terapéutico

;

Mecanismo acción

;

Interdisciplinario

;

Conceptualización

;

Cura psicoanalítica

;

Tratamiento

;

Trastorno psiquiátrico

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 15932, 35400013321170.0040

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 17465023



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