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Titre du document / Document title

Transsexual subtypes : Clinical and theoretical significance

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

SMITH Yolanda L. S. (1) ; VAN GOOZEN Stephanie H. M. (2 1) ; KUIPER A. J. (3 4) ; COHEN-KETTENIS Peggy T. (3 1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Medical Center, Utrecht, PAYS-BAS
(2) School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff, ROYAUME-UNI
(3) Department of Medical Psychology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, PAYS-BAS
(4) Helen Dowling Institute, Utrecht, PAYS-BAS

Résumé / Abstract

The present study was designed to investigate whether transsexuals can be validly subdivided into subtypes on the basis of sexual orientation, and whether differences between subtypes of transsexuals are similar for male-to-female (MF) and female-to-male transsexuals (FMs). Within a large transsexual sample (n=187), homosexual and nonhomosexual subjects were compared on a number of characteristics before the start of treatment. Differences within MF and FM groups were also investigated. Homosexual transsexuals were found to be younger when applying for sex reassignment, reported a stronger cross-gender identity in childhood, had a more convincing cross-gender appearance, and functioned psychologically better than nonhomosexual transsexuals. Moreover, a lower percentage of the homosexual transsexuals reported being (or having been) married and sexually aroused while cross-dressing. The pattern of findings was different for MFs and FMs. No differences between homosexuals and nonhomosexuals were found in height, weight, or body mass index. A distinction between subtypes of transsexuals on the basis of sexual orientation seems theoretically and clinically meaningful. The results support the notion that in the two groups different factors influence the decision to apply for sex reassignment. The more vulnerable nonhomosexual transsexuals may particularly benefit from additional professional guidance before and/or during treatment.

Revue / Journal Title

Psychiatry research    ISSN  0165-1781   CODEN PSRSDR 

Source / Source

2005, vol. 137, no3, pp. 151-160 [10 page(s) (article)] (24 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Elsevier, Kidlington, ROYAUME-UNI  (1979) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Physical appearance

;

Attitude

;

Personality

;

Dysphoria

;

Human

;

Sex reversal

;

Surgery

;

Treatment

;

Sociodemographic factor

;

Age

;

Sex

;

Homosexuality

;

Heterosexuality

;

Comparative study

;

Subtype

;

Nosology

;

Classification

;

Diagnosis

;

Criterion

;

Gender identity disorder

;

Transsexualism

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Apparence physique

;

Attitude

;

Personnalité

;

Dysphorie

;

Orientation sexuelle

;

Homme

;

Inversion sexe

;

Chirurgie

;

Traitement

;

Facteur sociodémographique

;

Age

;

Sexe

;

Homosexualité

;

Hétérosexualité

;

Etude comparative

;

Soustype

;

Nosologie

;

Classification

;

Diagnostic

;

Critère

;

Trouble identité sexuelle

;

Transsexualisme

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Apariencia física

;

Actitud

;

Personalidad

;

Hombre

;

Inversión sexual

;

Cirugía

;

Tratamiento

;

Factor sociodemográfico

;

Edad

;

Sexo

;

Homosexualidad

;

Heterosexualidad

;

Estudio comparativo

;

Subtipo

;

Nosología

;

Clasificación

;

Diagnóstico

;

Criterio

;

Trastorno identidad sexual

;

Transexualismo

;

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

Transsexualism

;

Gender identity disorder

;

Gender dysphoria

;

Sexual orientation

;

Sex reassignment

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 18303, 35400013434700.0010

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 17312525



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