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Titre du document / Document title

Long-term changes in blood-brain barrier permeability and white matter following prolonged systemic inflammation in early development in the rat

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

STOLP H. B. ; DZIEGIELEWSKA K. M. ; EK C. J. ; POTTER A. M. ; SAUNDERS N. R. ;

Résumé / Abstract

Epidemiological evidence in human fetuses links inflammation during development with white matter damage. Breakdown of the blood-brain barrier has been proposed as a possible mechanism. This was investigated in the present study by inducing a prolonged inflammatory response in newborn rats, with intraperitoneal injections of lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 0.2 mg/kg) given at postnatal (P) day 0, P2, P4, P6 and P8. An acute phase response was present over the whole period of injections. Changes in blood-brain barrier permeability were determined for small (sucrose and inulin) and large (protein) molecules. During and immediately after the inflammatory response, plasma proteins were detected in the brain only within white matter tracts, indicating an increased permeability of the blood-brain barrier to protein during this period. The alteration in permeability to protein was transient. In contrast, the permeability of the blood-brain barrier to 14C-sucrose and 14C-inulin was significantly higher in adult animals that had received serial LPS injections during development. Adult animals receiving a single 1 mg/kg LPS injection at P0 showed no alteration in blood-brain barrier permeability to either small or larger molecules. A significant decrease in the volume of CNPase immunoreactive presumptive white matter tracts occurred in the external capsule and corpus callosum at P9. These results demonstrate that a prolonged systemic inflammatory response in the early postnatal period in rats causes size selective increases in blood-brain barrier permeability at different stages of brain development and results in changes in white matter volume.

Revue / Journal Title

European journal of neuroscience    ISSN  0953-816X 

Source / Source

2005, vol. 22, no11, pp. 2805-2816 [12 page(s) (article)]

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Blackwell, Oxford, ROYAUME-UNI  (1989) (Revue)

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

astrocytes

;

blood-CSF barrier

;

claudin-5

;

CNPase

;

lipopolysaccharide

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 22186, 35400013528378.0140

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 17304523



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