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Titre du document / Document title

Post-occupancy evaluation of healing gardens in a pediatric cancer center

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

SHERMAN Sandra A. (1) ; VARNI James W. (2) ; ULRICH Roger S. (3) ; MALCARNE Vanessa L. (4) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) San Diego State University/University of California, Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, Center for Child Health Outcomes, Children's Hospital and Health, Center, San Diego, CA, ETATS-UNIS
(2) Department of Landscape Architecture and Urban Planning, College of Architecture, Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Texas A&M University, 3137 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843-3137, ETATS-UNIS
(3) Department of Architecture, College of Architecture, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, ETATS-UNIS
(4) Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

This study evaluates three healing gardens surrounding a pediatric cancer center. All gardens contained seating, flowers and plants, but varied in size, features, and in user groups' access to them. A post-occupancy evaluation (POE) yielded a dataset of 1400 garden-users for whom demographic information, activities, and length-of-stay were recorded. Results indicate differential usage patterns across gardens, user category (patient, visitor, or staff), and age (adults and children). The largest garden with most direct patient access was the most used. Staff mostly used the gardens to walk-through or to sit and eat, rarely interacting with features intended for active engagement. Despite patient and child-friendly designs, the overwhelming majority of visitors were adults who mostly engaged in sedentary activities. Children who did use the gardens interacted with garden features significantly more than adults. Although patient rooms are situated at ground-level around the gardens to promote window views of the gardens, the findings suggest an inverse relationship between patient window use and the number of people in the gardens. Finally, preliminary data suggest that emotional distress and pain are lower for all groups when in the gardens than when inside the hospital. Provisional design implications of these findings are discussed.

Revue / Journal Title

Landscape and urban planning    ISSN  0169-2046   CODEN LUPLEZ 

Source / Source

Congrès
Annual faculty research symposium "Research on the Built and Virtual Environments: Global Symposia Presentations 2003" No5, College Station, TX , ETATS-UNIS (27/10/2003)
2005, vol. 73, no 2-3 (182 p.)  [Document : 17 p.] (32 ref.), [Notes: Selected papers], pp. 167-183 [17 page(s) (article)]

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Elsevier, Amsterdam, PAYS-BAS  (1986) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Human

;

Health and environment

;

Malignant tumor

;

Pediatrics

;

Environment quality

;

Child

;

Garden

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Homme

;

Santé et environnement

;

Tumeur maligne

;

Pédiatrie

;

Qualité environnement

;

Enfant

;

Jardin

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Hombre

;

Salud y medio ambiente

;

Tumor maligno

;

Pediatría

;

Calidad medio ambiente

;

Niño

;

Jardín

;

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

Healing environment

;

Healing gardens

;

Post-occupancy evaluation

;

Children

;

Restorative environment

;

Pediatric cancer

;

PedsQL#

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 18548, 35400013186136.0060

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 17153668



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