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Titre du document / Document title

Electrochemical disinfection, an environmentally acceptable method of drinking water disinfection?

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

KERWICK M. I. (1 2) ; REDDY S. M. (2) ; CHAMBERLAIN A. H. L. (2) ; HOLT D. M. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) RWE-Thames Water R&D, Spencer House, Manor Farm Road Complex, Manor Farm Road, Reading, Berkshire RG2 0JN, ROYAUME-UNI
(2) University of Surrey School of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, Guildford, Surrey GU2 5XH, ROYAUME-UNI

Résumé / Abstract

In general, chlorination is the method of drinking water disinfection most favoured by the water industry. Occasional outbreaks of water transmitted disease, the identification of chlorine as a source of potentially harmful disinfection by-products, and the emergence of recalcitrant pathogens has led to heightened regulation for the removal of microbial pathogens and disinfection by-products from drinking water. As a result, research and development of alternative disinfection technologies has intensified. Electrochemical disinfection has emerged as one of the more feasible alternatives to chlorination. Research using a range of cell configurations has shown electrochemical disinfection to be effective against a range of pathogens. However, in many of the systems, disinfection efficacy appears to be related to the generation of chlorine species. The apparent prevalence of chlorine as the mechanism of disinfection begs the question as to whether electrochemical disinfection has an advantage over chlorination in terms of its inactivation efficacy and potential to form disinfection by-products. This paper reports on a series of experiments evaluating the disinfection efficacy of an electrochemical disinfection technology against Escherichia coli and bacteriophage MS2. The results of these experiments conclude that electrochemical disinfection can be effective without the generation of chlorine species.

Revue / Journal Title

Electrochimica acta    ISSN  0013-4686   CODEN ELCAAV 

Source / Source

Congrès
Annual meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry (ISE) No55, Thessaloniki , GRECE (19/09/2004)
2005, vol. 50, no 25-26 (467 p.)  [Document : 8 p.] (41 ref.), [Notes: Selected papers], pp. 5270-5277 [8 page(s) (article)]

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Elsevier, Kidlington, ROYAUME-UNI  (1959) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Virus

;

Phage

;

Leviviridae

;

Levivirus

;

Bacteria

;

Enterobacteriaceae

;

Water quality

;

Water pollution

;

Chlorine

;

Phage MS2

;

Escherichia coli

;

By product

;

Disinfection

;

Aqueous electrolysis

;

Drinking water treatment

;

Physicochemical purification

;

Electrochemical treatment

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Virus

;

Bactériophage

;

Leviviridae

;

Levivirus

;

Bactérie

;

Enterobacteriaceae

;

Qualité eau

;

Pollution eau

;

Chlore

;

Bactériophage MS2

;

Escherichia coli

;

Sous produit

;

Désinfection

;

Electrolyse aqueuse

;

Traitement eau potable

;

Epuration physicochimique

;

Traitement électrochimique

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Virus

;

Phage

;

Leviviridae

;

Levivirus

;

Bacteria

;

Enterobacteriaceae

;

Calidad agua

;

Contaminación agua

;

Cloro

;

Phage MS2

;

Escherichia coli

;

Subproducto

;

Desinfección

;

Electrolisis acuosa

;

Tratamiento agua potable

;

Depuración fisicoquímica

;

Tratamiento electroquímico

;

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

Drinking water

;

Electrochemical disinfection

;

E. coli

;

Bacteriophage MS2

;

Chlorine

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 1516, 35400013186615.0520

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 17120830



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