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Titre du document / Document title

The role of children's ethnicity in the relationship between teacher ratings of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and observed classroom behavior

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

EPSTEIN Jeffery N. (1) ; VALENCIA Elvia Y. (1) ; TONEV Simon T. (1) ; ARNOLD L. Eugene (2) ; WILLOUGHBY Michael (3) ; ABIKOFF Howard B. (4) ; HINSHAW Stephen P. (5) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Duke University Medical Center, ETATS-UNIS
(2) Ohio State University, ETATS-UNIS
(3) University of North Carolina, ETATS-UNIS
(4) New York University, ETATS-UNIS
(5) University of California, Berkeley, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Significant ethnic differences have been consistently documented on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) teacher rating scales. Whether these ethnic differences result from a teacher rating bias or reflect actual classroom behavior patterns is unknown. Ethnic differences between Caucasian and African American (AA) elementary schoolchildren on teacher ratings and codings of observed classroom behavior were examined with latent variables. In structural equation models, correlations between teacher ratings and observed classroom behavior suggested nonbiased teacher ratings of AA schoolchildren with diagnosed ADHD. Ethnic differences were documented for both teacher ratings of ADHD and classroom behavior. Differences in classroom behavior were attenuated when the behavior of an average child in the classroom was taken into account. Multiple explanations for this pattern of results are discussed.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of consulting and clinical psychology    ISSN  0022-006X   CODEN JCLPBC 

Source / Source

2005, vol. 73, no3, pp. 424-434 [11 page(s) (article)] (1 p.1/4)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, ETATS-UNIS  (1968) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Human

;

Attention disorder with hyperactivity

;

Teacher

;

Child

;

Evaluation

;

Teacher pupil relation

;

Behavior

;

School environment

;

Hyperactivity

;

Attentional disorder

;

Ethnic group

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Homme

;

Trouble de l'attention avec hyperactivité

;

Enseignant

;

Enfant

;

Evaluation

;

Relation élève enseignant

;

Comportement

;

Milieu scolaire

;

Hyperactivité

;

Trouble attention

;

Ethnie

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Hombre

;

Trastorno por déficit de atención e hiperactividad

;

Docente

;

Niño

;

Evaluación

;

Relación alumno docente

;

Conducta

;

Medio escolar

;

Hiperactividad

;

Trastorno atención

;

Etnia

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 2283, 35400013856100.0050

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 16917903



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