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Titre du document / Document title

Dehydrogenation of isopropyl alcohol on carbon-supported Pt and Cu-Pt catalysts

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

RIOUX R. M. (1) ; VANNICE M. A. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Department of Chemical Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

The kinetics of isopropyl alcohol (IPA) dehydrogenation over carbon-supported Pt and three bimetallic Cu-Pt catalysts were examined and compared with previous results for carbon-supported Cu. Adsorption of H2 and CO, dissociative chemisorption of N2O, and the titration of adsorbed O atoms by H2 and CO were used to determine surface compositions and metal dispersion. Monometallic platinum catalysts had a higher specific activity than monometallic Cu catalysts and the bimetallic catalysts; for example, at 448 K and 14 Torr IPA, for an activated carbon heat treated at 1223 K as the support, the turnover frequency (TOF) on the Pt catalyst was 0.11 s-1, the TOF on the Cu catalyst was 0.020 s-1, and the TOFs on the three bimetallic catalysts were between 0.006 and 0.043 s-1. Reaction orders were typically between 0 and 1/2 for IPA and slightly negative for acetone and H2. Increasing the Cu loading reduced the number of surface Pt atoms, and the kinetic behavior became similar to that of monometallic copper catalysts. The apparent activation energy for acetone production from IPA on Pt/C was 6.8 kcal mol-1, compared with 21 kcal mol-1 for the monometallic Cu/C catalysts. Apparent activation energies for the Cu-Pt/C catalysts (7-9 kcal mol-1) were comparable to those of Pt/C at lower temperatures and decreased further to ∼ 3 kcal mol-1 above 443 K. This decrease is not due to diffusional limitations and can be explained by a decrease in the surface coverage of IPA. A Langmuir-Hinshelwood model invoking cleavage of the alcohol O-H bond to form a surface isopropoxide species as the rate-determining step fit the data well and accounted for the shift in the apparent activation energy. Physically meaningful values of enthalpies and entropies of adsorption were obtained from the fitting parameters contained in the L-H rate expression. Additional evidence for adsorbed IPA and acetone was provided by infrared spectra of the catalysts obtained under reaction conditions.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of catalysis    ISSN  0021-9517   CODEN JCTLA5 

Source / Source

2005, vol. 233, no1, pp. 147-165 [19 page(s) (article)] (114 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Elsevier, Amsterdam, PAYS-BAS  (1962) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Supported catalyst

;

Mixed catalyst

;

Platinum

;

Copper

;

Heterogeneous catalysis

;

Kinetics

;

Catalyst

;

Support

;

Carbon

;

Alcohol

;

Dehydrogenation

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Propan-2-ol

;

Catalyseur sur support

;

Catalyseur mixte

;

Platine

;

Cuivre

;

Catalyse hétérogène

;

Cinétique

;

Catalyseur

;

Support

;

Carbone

;

Alcool

;

Déshydrogénation

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Catalizador sobre soporte

;

Catalizador mixto

;

Platino

;

Cobre

;

Catálisis heterogénea

;

Cinética

;

Catalizador

;

Soporte

;

Carbono

;

Alcohol

;

Deshidrogenación

;

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

Isopropanol dehydrogenation

;

Dehydrogenation of alcohols

;

Pt/C and Pt-Cu/C catalysts

;

Kinetics of dehydrogenation

;

Carbon supports

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 9623, 35400013853461.0160

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 16897833



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