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Titre du document / Document title

Conformity and change : Community effects on female genital cutting in Kenya

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

HAYFORD Sarah R. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) University of Pennsylvania, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

In this article, I analyze women 's decisions to have their daughters circumcised based on data from 7,873 women in Kenya collected in the 1998 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey. I use multilevel models to assess the degree to which women s decisions are correlated with the decisions of other women in their community, in addition to studying the effects of socioeconomic characteristics measured at both the individual and community levels. I find some support for modernization theories, which argue that economic development leads to gradual erosion of the practice of female circumcision. However, more community-level variation is explained by the convention hypothesis, which proposes that the prevalence of female circumcision will decline rapidly once parents see that a critical mass ofother parents have stopped circumcising their daughters. I also find substantial variation among different ethnic groups in the pace and onset of the decline of female genital cutting.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of health and social behavior    ISSN  0022-1465   CODEN JHSBA5 

Source / Source

2005, vol. 46, no2, pp. 121-140 [20 page(s) (article)] (1 p.1/2)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA, ETATS-UNIS  (1967) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Cultural environment

;

Attitude

;

Africa

;

Human

;

Female

;

Kenya

;

Social environment

;

Mental health

;

Public health

;

Sociocultural environment

;

Community

;

Social norm

;

Conformity

;

Social attitude

;

Sociodemographic factor

;

Socioeconomic status

;

Ethnic group

;

Comparative study

;

Circumcision

;

Decision making

;

Mother

;

Motivation

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Milieu culturel

;

Attitude

;

Afrique

;

Fille

;

Homme

;

Femelle

;

Kenya

;

Environnement social

;

Santé mentale

;

Santé publique

;

Environnement socioculturel

;

Communauté

;

Norme sociale

;

Conformisme

;

Attitude sociale

;

Facteur sociodémographique

;

Statut socioéconomique

;

Ethnie

;

Etude comparative

;

Circoncision

;

Prise décision

;

Mère

;

Motivation

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Contexto cultural

;

Actitud

;

Africa

;

Hombre

;

Hembra

;

Kenya

;

Contexto social

;

Salud mental

;

Salud pública

;

Contexto sociocultural

;

Comunidad

;

Norma social

;

Conformismo

;

Actitud social

;

Factor sociodemográfico

;

Estatuto socioeconómico

;

Etnia

;

Estudio comparativo

;

Circuncisión

;

Toma decision

;

Madre

;

Motivación

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 1491, 35400013813408.0010

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 16877505



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