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Titre du document / Document title

Wintertime spatial characteristics of boundary layer aerosols over peninsular India

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

KRISHNA MOORTHY K. (1) ; SUNILKUMAR S. V. (1) ; PILLAI Preetha S. (1) ; PARAMESWARAN K. (1) ; NAIR Prabha R. (1) ; NAZEER AHMED Y. (2) ; RAMGOPAL K. (2) ; NARASIMHULU K. (2) ; RAMAKRISHNA REDDY R. (2) ; VINOJ V. (3) ; SATHEESH S. K. (3) ; NIRANJAN K. (4) ; MALLESWARA RAO B. (4) ; BRAHMANANDAM P. S. (4) ; SAHA Auromeet (5) ; BADARINATH K. V. S. (6) ; KIRANCHAND T. R. (6) ; MADHAVI LATHA K. (6) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Space Physics Laboratory, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Trivandrum, INDE
(2) Department of Physics, Sri Kirshnadevaraya University, Anantapur, INDE
(3) Centre for Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, Indian Institute of Sciences, Bangalore, INDE
(4) Department of Physics, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, INDE
(5) Aryabhatta Research Institute for Observational Sciences, Uttaranchal, INDE
(6) Forestry and Ecology Division, National Remote Sensing Agency, Hyderabad, INDE

Résumé / Abstract

[1] During an intense field campaign for generating a spatial composite of aerosol characteristics over peninsular India, collocated measurements of the mass concentration and size distribution of near-surface aerosols were made onboard instrumented vehicles along the road network during the dry, winter season (February-March) of 2004. The study regions covered coastal, industrial, urban, village, remote, semiarid, and vegetated forestlands. The results showed (1) comparatively high aerosol (mass) concentrations (exceeding 50 μg m-3), in general, along the coastal regions (east and west) and adjacent to urban locations, and (2) reduced mass concentration (<30 μg m-3) over the semiarid interior continental regions. Fine, accumulation-mode particles (<1 μm) contribute more than 50% to the total aerosol mass concentration in the coastal regions, which is more conspicuous along the east coast than the west coast, while the interior regions showed abundance (>50% of the total) of coarse-mode aerosols (>1 μm). The spatial composite of accumulation-mode share to the total aerosol mass concentration agreed very well with the monthly mean spatial composite of aerosol fine-mode fraction for February 2004, deduced from Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer data for the study region, while a point by point comparison yielded a linear association with a slope of 1.09 and correlation coefficient of 0.79 for 76 independent data pairs. Pockets of enhanced aerosol concentration were observed around the industrialized and urban centers along the coast as well as inland. Aerosol size distributions were parameterized using a power law. Spatial variation of the retrieved aerosol size index shows relatively high values (>4) along the coast compared to interior continental regions except at a few locations. Urban locations showed steeper size spectra than the remote locations.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of geophysical research    ISSN  0148-0227 

Source / Source

2005, vol. 110, noD8, pp. D08207.1-D08207.11 (31 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, ETATS-UNIS  (1949-2012) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Europe

;

Southern Europe

;

Italy

;

Asia

;

Dimension spectrum

;

spatial variations

;

Power law

;

Particle size distribution

;

correlation coefficient

;

slopes

;

abundance

;

particles

;

accumulation

;

fine-grained materials

;

Winter

;

networks

;

roads

;

instruments

;

size distribution

;

concentration

;

aerosols

;

boundary layer

;

Marches Italy

;

India

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Europe

;

Europe Sud

;

Italie

;

Asie

;

Spectre dimension

;

Variation spatiale

;

Loi puissance

;

Distribution dimension particule

;

Coefficient corrélation

;

Versant

;

Abondance

;

Particule

;

Accumulation

;

Fraction fine

;

Hiver

;

Réseau

;

Route

;

Instrumentation

;

Distribution dimension

;

Concentration

;

Aérosol

;

Couche limite

;

Marches

;

Inde

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Europa

;

Europa Sur

;

Italia

;

Asia

;

Espectro dimensión

;

Variación espacial

;

Ley poder

;

Distribución dimensión partícula

;

Coeficiente correlación

;

Declive

;

Abundancia

;

Fracción fina

;

Invierno

;

Carretera

;

Instrumentación

;

Concentración

;

Aerosol

;

Capa límite

;

Marcas

;

India

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 3144, 35400012455953.0190

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 16797915



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