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Titre du document / Document title

The effect of backward locomotion training on the body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness of young women

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

TERBLANCHE E. (1) ; PAGE C. (1) ; KROFF J. (1) ; VENTER R. E. (2) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Department of Medical Physiology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Stellenbosch, Tygerberg, Cape Town, AFRIQUE DU SUD
(2) Department of Sport Science, University of Stellenbosch, Matieland, Stellenbosch, AFRIQUE DU SUD

Résumé / Abstract

This study investigated the effect of a backward training program on the physical and fitness condition of young women. Twenty-six healthy female university students (aged 18-23 years) took part in three different baseline tests: body composition, a submaximal treadmill test, and a 20-m shuttle run test. Subjects were divided into a training group (n= 13) and a control group (n=13). The training group completed a six-week backward run/walk training program. The control group was restricted to their daily activities similar to the four weeks prior to the onset of the baseline tests. The training group showed a significant (p=0.01) decrease in O2 consumption during both submaximal forward and backward exercise on the treadmill (32% decrease during backward and 30% decrease during forward exercise). A significant (p=0.01) decrease in percentage body fat (2.4%), a 19.7% decrease in the sum of skinfolds (p=0.001) and significantly (p = 0.013) improved predicted VO2max values from the forward 20-m shuttle run test (5.2%) were also found in the case of the training group. The findings suggest that backward walk/run training improves cardiorespiratory fitness for both forward and backward exercise and causes significant changes in body composition in young women.

Revue / Journal Title

International journal of sports medicine    ISSN  0172-4622   CODEN IJSMDA 

Source / Source

2005, vol. 26, no3, pp. 214-219 [6 page(s) (article)] (25 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Thieme, Stuttgart, ALLEMAGNE  (1980) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Female

;

Human

;

Anthropometry

;

Corporal biometry

;

Cardiorespiratory control

;

Physical fitness

;

Body composition

;

Physical training

;

Locomotion

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Femelle

;

Homme

;

Anthropométrie

;

Biométrie corporelle

;

Contrôle cardiorespiratoire

;

Aptitude physique

;

Composition corporelle

;

Entraînement physique

;

Locomotion

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Hembra

;

Hombre

;

Antropometría

;

Biometría corporal

;

Control cardiorespiratorio

;

Aptitud física

;

Composicíon corporal

;

Entrenamiento físico

;

Locomoción

;

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

Retro exercise

;

anthropometry

;

VO2max

;

muscle strength

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 18733, 35400012523297.0090

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 16646651



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