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Titre du document / Document title

Differences in nasal and temporal responses of the cornea after photorefractive keratectomy

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

SERRAO Sebastiano (1) ; LOMBARDO Giuseppe (2) ; LOMBARDO Marco (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Department of Ophthalmology, Catholic University of Rome, Rome, ITALIE
(2) Liquid Crystal Laboratory, INFM Research Unit of Calabria, Department of Physics, University of Calabria, Rende (CS), ITALIE

Résumé / Abstract

Purpose: To examine the differences in the biomechanical response of the peripheral regions of the cornea after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, Catholic University of Rome, Rome, Italy. Methods: Preoperative and 1-, 3-, 6-, and 12-month postoperative corneal topographies of 70 eyes that had PRK with the Technolas 217C excimer laser (Bausch & Lomb) were obtained. The eyes were divided into 4 groups according to the preoperative spherical equivalent refraction. Preoperative and follow-up topographic data were imported into custom software that computed the average composite corneal map and difference maps in each group to scientifically evaluate the corneal response to the surgery. The software was also used to analyze regional corneal changes after the laser ablation. Corneal peripheries up to 9.0 mm were evaluated. Results: The preoperative corneas had a flatter nasal periphery than temporal periphery. The corneal surfaces in the right eyes and left eyes showed a mirror symmetry. Significant differences in the regional response of the cornea were observed (P<.05), with a greater increase in the curvature of the nasal periphery than in the temporal periphery. Conclusions: To refine modeling of the cornea, the different regional anatomic features and biomechanical responses must be considered. Modifying existing ablation algorithms to compensate for the differences between nasal and temporal corneal flattening of the preoperative corneal surface and between the nasal and temporal responses may improve the postoperative corneal shape and quality of peripheral optics.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of cataract and refractive surgery    ISSN  0886-3350   CODEN JCSUEV 

Source / Source

2005, vol. 31, no1, pp. 30-38 [9 page(s) (article)] (34 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Elsevier, New York, NY, ETATS-UNIS  (1986) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Ophthalmology

;

Surgery

;

Photorefractive keratectomy

;

Cornea

;

Response

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Ophtalmologie

;

Chirurgie

;

Kératectomie photoréfractive

;

Cornée

;

Réponse

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Oftalmología

;

Cirugía

;

Queratectomía fotorefractiva

;

Córnea

;

Respuesta

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 20937, 35400012933827.0020

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 16578060



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