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Titre du document / Document title

Reducing Salmonella on cantaloupes and honeydew melons using wash practices applicable to postharvest handling, foodservice, and consumer preparation

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

PARNELL Tracy L. (1) ; HARRIS Linda J. (1) ; SUSLOW Trevor V. (2) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Department of Food Science and Technology, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616-8598, ETATS-UNIS
(2) Department of Vegetable Crops, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616-8631, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Washing conditions that included a soak or brush scrub were evaluated for removal of Salmonella from the surface of smooth (honeydew) or complex (cantaloupe) melon rinds. Melon rinds were spot-inoculated onto a 2.5 cm2 area of rind (squares) with approximately 6.0 log10 CFU/square of an avirulent nalidixic acid-resistant strain of Salmonella typhimurium. Melons were washed by immersion in 1500 ml of water or 200 ppm total chlorine and allowed to soak or were scrubbed over the entire melon surface with a sterile vegetable brush for 60 s. Inoculated sites, uninoculated sites (next to sites) that were adjacent to inoculated sites, and sites on the side of the melon opposite (remote sites) the inoculated site were excised and pummeled in a stomacher for 2 min prior to plating onto tryptic soy or bismuth sulfite agar supplemented with 50 μg/ml nalidixic acid. S. typhimurium was reduced on the rind of cantaloupe by 1.8 log CFU/melon after soaking for 60 s in 200 ppm total chlorine, which was significantly better than the 0.7 log CFU/melon achieved with soaking in water. For both water and 200 ppm total chlorine, scrubbing with a vegetable brush was shown to be significantly (0.9 log CFU/cantaloupe) more effective than soaking alone. When honeydew melons were soaked or scrubbed in water, reductions of 2.8 log CFU/melon or >4.6 log CFU/melon (four of five samples), respectively, were observed. However, when water treatments were used, the presence of Salmonella-positive next to and remote sites indicated that bacteria were spread from inoculated site on the rind to uninoculated sites either through the rinse water (40-70 CFU/ml of Salmonella) or scrub brush (400-500 CFU/brush). Transfer to other sites occurred more often with cantaloupe than honeydew melons. This transfer was eliminated when 200 ppm total chlorine was used. When 200 ppm total chlorine was used, Salmonella could not be detected in the water or on the scrub brush. For optimal microbial removal in food service and home settings, melons should be scrubbed with a clean brush under running water. However, to ensure the benefits of brushing, instructions for cleaning and sanitizing brushes must also be emphasized. For food service settings where concentration and pH can be adequately measured, the use of chlorinated water may provide additional benefit.

Revue / Journal Title

International journal of food microbiology    ISSN  0168-1605   CODEN IJFMDD 

Source / Source

2005, vol. 99, no1, pp. 59-70 [12 page(s) (article)] (1 p.3/4)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Elsevier, Amsterdam, PAYS-BAS  (1984) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Spermatophyta

;

Angiospermae

;

Dicotyledones

;

Cucurbitaceae

;

Fruit

;

Bacteria

;

Enterobacteriaceae

;

Preparation

;

Consumer

;

Cucumis melo

;

Postharvest

;

Melon

;

Salmonella

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Spermatophyta

;

Angiospermae

;

Dicotyledones

;

Cucurbitaceae

;

Fruit

;

Bactérie

;

Enterobacteriaceae

;

Préparation

;

Consommateur

;

Cucumis melo

;

Après récolte

;

Melon

;

Salmonella

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Spermatophyta

;

Angiospermae

;

Dicotyledones

;

Cucurbitaceae

;

Fruto

;

Bacteria

;

Enterobacteriaceae

;

Preparación

;

Consumidor

;

Cucumis melo

;

Postcosecha

;

Melón

;

Salmonella

;

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

Cantaloupe

;

Wash

;

Chlorine

;

Salmonella

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 20302, 35400012623121.0060

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 16541722



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